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Do I move to Knoxville or Nashville?? (Any input appreciated)

2020.08.02 01:30 dreamwavemermaid Do I move to Knoxville or Nashville?? (Any input appreciated)

Well hello there everyone! Christina here, 25 year old single makeup artist and I am moving to Tennessee in 2 weeks and cannot makeup my mind on wether I should relocate to Knoxville or Nashville. I took a trip to both places recently, I especially fell in love with Knoxville and East Tennessee, as I grew up near mountains my whole life and can't get over how lovely the nature is there! I enjoyed Nashville as well, I am moving from Los Angeles, and Nashville just reminded me a bit too much of LA. However, I am seeing that there are more job opportunities ( I am a Makeup Artist with Estée Lauder) in Nashville, actually way more job opportunities in general than Knoxville so that sort of worries me if I decided to move to Knoxville.
I felt really alone and disconnected the 6 years I lived in Los Angeles, so I am really looking forward to finding a good church, meet up groups and hopefully finding the one when I move to Tennessee. Is that possible in Nashville? I guess what I'm trying to say as much as the job thing is important what matters most to me in life is serving God, making friends and getting settled. I'm just worried if I move to Nashville even with good job opportunities it will be hard to date/ find friends/ make personal connections ? I think I'm just really traumatized from my experience in LA (who isn't) and I don't want my experience in Nashville to be the same. Knoxville seems more the place to get settled and enjoy the more simple things in life which I love but again with the jobs I'm questioning it.. Are there any people in the beauty industry/ fellow MUA's/ freelancers in Knoxville who have been able to find work and make a decent living?
I am so grateful that I have a friend in Clarksville and family in Knoxville that I can stay with for the time being- another thing I will add is that I noticed Knoxville isn't as affected with this lockdown so that gives me hope! But, I am not finding many rooms for rent the way I am when I look in Nashville (I am looking for a room to rent with other female roommates) and surprisingly it's cheaper to rent rooms in Nashville than Knoxville! Although I know in the long run I want my own place and Nashville apts alone are quite expensive.. It's just so hard again to choose between the 2 places! I would greatly appreciate any input, especially by those who have lived in both places, that would be so rad! Thank you for your time, God bless and all the best ~Christina
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2020.07.30 18:00 SaintRidley Wrestling Observer Rewind ★ Feb. 29, 1988

Going through old issues of the Wrestling Observer Newsletter and posting highlights in my own words, continuing in the footsteps of daprice82. For anyone interested, I highly recommend signing up for the actual site at f4wonline and checking out the full archives.
• PREVIOUS •
1987
FUTURE YEARS ARCHIVE:
The Complete Observer Rewind Archive by daprice82
1-4-1988 1-11-1988 1-18-1988 1-25-1988
2-1-1988 2-8-1988 2-15-1988 2-22-1988
Rewinder note: Sorry about missing last week. Should be looking good going forward, just last week left no time for this.
  • Crockett has taken a page out of WWF’s playbook and announced a card to counterprogram Wrestlemania. Not all the details are known yet, but on March 27 Crockett’s NWA will run a 2.5 hour show from 4 pm to 6:30 pm, the same time slot WW has reserved for Wrestlemania (remember when Wrestlemania was less than 3 hours?). It’s probable that this show will be held at the Greensboro Coliseum, and it’s being billed as some kind of “Clash of the Champions” and is expected to be packed with seven main event level matches. Flair defending against Sting will headline, along with Dusty and the Road Warriors vs. the Powers of Pain and Ivan Koloff in a barbed wire match, Tully and Arn vs. Windham and Luger for the NWA tag titles, Midnight Express vs. the Fantastics for the U.S. tag titles, Mike Rotunda vs. Jimmy Garvin for the TV title in an amateur rules match, Zbyszko vs. Shane Douglas, and tentatively Kerry and Kevin Von Erich are scheduled for this and the Crockett Cup. That last is huge, as it means there’s an open line of communication between Crockett and Ken Mantell.
  • As for Wrestlemania, the card is set for that now. The tournament is the main point of the card, but there will also be a few other matches. Honkeytonk Man vs. Brutus Beefcake match for the IC Title is one, and Dave expects a title change here or sooner than Wrestlemania. Dave hears that Honkeytonk isn’t going to be punished for refusing to drop the belt, but it’s hard to imagine they won’t make an example of him so nobody else gets any bright ideas about refusing to go along with storylines. The British Bulldogs and Koko B. Ware vs. The Islanders and Bobby Heenan is also on the docket, while Demolition and Strike Force will fight for the tag titles. Lastly, Hercules Hernandez takes on Warrior, and a battle royal will feature all those unfortunate no-talent bums who just can’t earn a spotlight match on the card like Sam Houston, Bret Hart, and Harley Race. Celebrity appearances are to include Vanna White as guest timekeeper, Robin Leach of Lifestyles of the Rich and Famous presenting the title to the winner of the tournament (looks like a sign DiBiase will win), and Bob Uecker returning as ring announcer and color commentator.
  • So will Clash of the Champions hurt Wrestlemania? Yes and no. Wrestlemania is theoretically an 18 match card, though double eliminations will probably help bring it down to around 16, and that many matches on a card for a 2.5 hour show (not to mention the ridiculous length of WWF ring entrances, intermissions, and other assorted nonsense they tend to pack a show full of) means most matches won’t even top 5 minutes (more on the length of the show next week: spoilers, Wrestlemania is closer to 4 hours). The card for Wrestlemania is honestly just not good. Dave thought the tournament was a stroke of genius at first, but the layout and talent in it make it much weaker than it should be. Hogan, who is the big marquee guy, is now just one of the boys here, and that means there’s no real main event to hype up because the tournament means they can’t build the show around Hogan vs. DiBiase or Hogan vs. Andre. And that probably hurts impulse purchases on ppv. It makes some sense to make Hogan one of the boys if he’s taking the summer off, though, and all indications point that way, because the goal is to make the belt the main draw of the company independent of Hogan. But that’s unlikely to work. No belt today can draw on its own. Hogan is a draw. Flair is a draw. Hennig and Perez aren’t draws, with or without belts. There’s no difference between a show where Flair defends the belt and one where he’s in a tag match, and the same goes for Hogan: they’re the draws, and fans don’t care about the belt. And you’ll notice not one word of that has a thing to do with whether Crockett will hurt WWF on Wrestlemania with their show. And that’s because for the most part, any damage done to Wrestlemania is WWF’s own fault for booking the show they’ve booked. Wrestlemania 4 will be a success. No question there, and there’s zero chance Crockett can ruin the show with their counteroffer. What they can do is cost WWF a bit of money, just like WWF did to them in January. There is a chunk of WWF’s potential market for Wrestlemania who will watch Crockett’s show instead because it is free and Wrestlemania costs $20. Wrestlemania will be a success because it’s Wrestlemania and last year’s show earned a lot of good will in the fans’ eyes as a can’t-miss show like the Super Bowl. So Crockett will have a small effect, and probably cost WWF serious money, but in the grand scheme of things it won’t be a big blow. Crockett stands to do well, as most of the country can’t get ppv so they ought to get a pretty solid rating, while WWF will most probably have a similar buyrate to last year and pull in around $18 million (which will net the company $9 million after cable gets their cut). And that’s not touching closed-circuit, which WWF will do well with, but that’s where Crockett can cost them money. Being a free alternative will probably knock off about 10% of WWF’s closed-circuit viewership, possibly more if they build well since WWF has booked Wrestlemania the way they have. And still, there’s taking into consideration the reality of what happened in January. Can Crockett get past the negative reception of its last few big shows against WWF’s run of well-received big shows?
  • Finally, something different, it's Road Warrior Animal injury update time. Dave knows he’s made errors and wants to get everything straight in one go here. So. Animal was legit injured on January 29 in Pittsburgh. Warlord, not Barbarian, Samoan dropped Animal. It was done wrong or Animal bumped wrong or just freak accident, but thebone above Animal’s eye got smashed badly, and it wasn’t known how bad right away. He went to Greensboro for the weightlifting competition the next day, and they were worried about pressure on the eye, so while they used legit weights they just called out fake numbers (as opposed to WWF, which went with fully gimmicked weights for theirs). After the competition, Animal went to the hospital and they discovered he had a detached retina, broken bone, and his eye was knocked half an inch into his forehead. He had eye surgery, and they’re advertising his return for this coming week. No word on if that’s going to happen or not, though - they were pushing that he’d return in Philly last week when they knew he wasn’t going to be. More on this next week, because Dave keeps finding this story to change on him.
  • [Alabama/Knoxville] The Continental split-up finally went down. The Knoxville territory will be called USA Pro Wrestling and will be running east Tennessee, with Ron Fuller running the show. Their roster includes Mongolian Stomper, Buddy Landel, the Rock & Roll RPMs (Mike Davis and Tommy Lane) as USA Tag champions, Hector Guerrero, Doug Furnas (injured with a concussion), “Bullet” Bob Armstrong, Austin Idol, and a few other names. Continental Championship Wrestling will remain in Alabama and start running Northwest Florida again as well, with David Woods running the promotion. Dutch Mantell, Wendell Cooley (currently out with a broken kneecap), Lord Humongous (Sid Eudy) and Detroit Demolition (Randy Culley, aka Moondog Rex, who actually was part of the original Demolition while Barry Darsow grew his hair out, and still wearing Demolition gear) managed by Downtown Bruno (later on it turns out Culley is not being managed by Bruno and is instead the fourth member of a stable including Robert Fuller, Dutch Mantell, and Jimmy Golden as a weak imitation of the Four Horsemen called the Studs), Dirty White Boy Tony Anthony (and Mystic as Dirty White Girl), Tom Prichard, Scott Hall, Robert Fuller and Jimmy Golden as tag champs, and some others.
  • Memphis is going to start on Financial News Network on April 2 and run weekly on Saturday nights at 9 pm eastern. Don’t rest on this info, as it’s outdated by next week. The network has discussed possibly running New Japan on Sunday nights, but Dave thinks it’s so unlikely to actually happen he shouldn’t have bothered typing it.
  • There’s been a fund set up to help pay Al Blake’s (Vlaidimir Petrov) legal expenses. Blake was convicted a few months ago for cocaine trafficking. Dave gives the info for people to write in and get more information about the fund.
  • Billy Jack Haynes has been granted a promoter’s license in Oregon and started a promotion called Oregon Wrestling Federation. He apparently plans to hold six shows a week in Oregon, with himself as top babyface. Haynes will now be in direct competition with both Don Owen and Vince McMahon. Plans are to have a roster of about 14-16 wrestlers, but no names are official yet, and there’s rumor that he’ll get tv in Portland on the local ABC affiliate. Haynes plans to concentrate on big guys rather than small guys like most of the regional territories now focus on. The only name that anyone knows he has contacted is Tom Zenk. Owen also runs Washington, but no plans currently exist for Haynes to run up there. Owen’s promotion has been around since the 1920s, and there’s really not room for two regional promotions, so this should be interesting to see how it shakes out. Also interesting to see what happens with Haynes wrestling - reports from WWF indicate that he left because of poor health due to a heart condition. It’s really hard to find any real information with a quick google search, but I strongly suspect that this venture goes under before the year is out.
  • The Simmons Research Bureau released its annual sports demographics statistics for this year, and pro wrestling is one of the sports they cover. Some good news and some bad news for wrestling, of course, and the accuracy of these numbers is debatable, but they are important in that they are perceived as facts by advertising firms and thus these are very important for figuring out advertising rates. In good news: wrestling supposedly saw a 5% increase in viewers over the past year with 30.3 million adult viewers, ranking 7th behind pro football, MLB, college football, the NBA, college basketball, and boxing. Sports viewing on the whole was down 5.6% though, and wrestling and the NBA were the only top 10 sports to see an increase (boxing was down 16.4% from last year). Dave doesn’t really take the report seriously because of its findings on roller derby. Derby supposedly saw a 29.8% increase over last year, but Dave thinks that’s just preposterous, as just two years ago roller derby had national coverage on ESPN and drew good ratings, and last year they weren’t even on the list while this year it was 20th out of 21 listed). This year? No new tapes for syndication, one Derby group isn’t even running, and the other hasn’t made new tv in over a year. So the idea that they have been getting more viewers (to the tune of a 29% increase) without putting out new material for tv is just absurd. Setting that aside, the bad news is wrestling’s demographics are considered less desirable by advertisers. The raw numbers look good and might make it a good buy for advertisers, but they’ll pay less for ad time because wrestling viewership isn’t dominated by the demographics advertisers want to market to. Wrestling, according to Simmons, is strongest among Black folks, 18-24 year old men, men more than women (61% of the audience is men, 39% women) in general, low income families, people who have less than a high school education, and single adults. In short, advertisers will look at this and conclude wrestling fans are stupid, poor, and too young (18-24 men don’t have the same level of disposable income as another age bracket up) and Black to be worth the effort of spending large amounts of money to try and reach for little perceived return.
  • A correction on Crockett Cup - it’s set for April 22/23 in Greensvile, S.C. for the first day and Greensboro for the second day. Seedings will likely be announded on March 27, and Dave recommends readers (a lot of readers typically have attended the Cup) stay in Charlotte since it’s halfway between both sites.
  • Wrestlemania tickets should be sold out by the time this issue reaches readers. After figuring out exactly how many freebies they’re giving, somewhere between 7,000 and 9,000 tickets were being held out of 18,165 total seats. As of February 19, around 1,500 tickets were left to be sold, and paid attendance will be in the 15,000 range. That means roughly 3,000 freebies.
  • The Penthouse story on the Von Erichs has been delayed again. The earliest it’ll appear is August, and given the history of the family, they’ll likely suffer one real tragedy, two fake tragedies, and find a new fake relative all before the issue hits newsstands.
  • Paul E. Dangerously had a hilarious promo moment in Southern Championship Wrestling while interviewing Randy Rose. Paul was saying he doesn’t care how much money it costs, he’s going to do away with Tommy Rich, and Rose pulls out his wallet and throws a bunch of dollar bills in the air. Paul just looks at him and says something along the lines of “I see you cashed Verne’s check.”
  • The Bunkhouse Stampede finals did a 3.5% buyrate out of 6 million available homes, which means roughly 200,000 buys. Gross revenue should be in the $3 million range, with JCP getting about half. Dave’s sources said anything higher than 3% would be profitable, so the show wasn’t a bomb financially, but it definitely could have been better.
  • [Memphis] Over here the AWA tag titles are held up between the Rock & Roll Express and the Midnight Rockers. The finish on February 15 in Memphis saw a ref bump, and then a second referee came out, and both referees counted simultaneous pins for each side. The next day in Lousiville (which drew 3,000, when normally they draw 1,000) they repeated the finish, and probably did the same the next night in Evansville as well. So there will be rematches in each city as well to decide the champion. Ah the days of non-televised shows being the important thing, so you could do this sort of thing and really make the title histories convoluted and confusing.
  • [Memphis] Missy Hyatt showed up on February 20’s tv in Memphis with Doug Gilbert. She avoided the subject of Eddie Gilbert, who hasn’t made an appearance, but that’s obviously going to happen. The story as Dave understands is that Gilbert was fired by Crockett for missing two tv tapings nobody had told him he was supposed to be at. It’s a miracle he lasted as long as he did anyway, considering he somehow got into the position of UWF booker for the UWF vs. NWA feud and wound up outlasting all the ex-UWF guys except Black Bart, Sting, and Rick Steiner.
  • New to Memphis is an opening act heel guy named Scotty the Body. Dave’s heard of him from some independent promotion somewhere, but the guy isn’t getting a push, and from what Dave’s heard of his ability, he doesn’t deserve one. Eh, never say nevermore, because this is the Observer debut of Raven.
  • [Oregon] The Frank Bonema Memorial show on February 16 was a major disappointment, only drawing 600. The matches were all good, at least. The Grappler beat Hennig for the AWA title after using a loaded boot, but the promoter later on said he was ordered by AWA president Stanley Blackburn to hold up the title (which means the title is held up in both Minneapolis and Oregon). Given the time difference, fans in Oregon must be expected to believe Blackburn is the hardest working president in wrestling, since it was well past midnight in Minneapolis when he supposedly made the call to hold the title up.
  • Stampede is being forced into a smaller building due to the Olympics being in Calgary. The building they have to work with seats 950, and with all the competition around town they’ll not be able to draw very well in all likelihood. And even after the Olympics, with how much money the event takes out of the economy, they’re likely to still have problems for a while.
  • In what will remain of Continental (Alabama), Scott Hall is being set up to feud with Lord Humongous (Sid Eudy). Hall is improving, but is nowhere near ready to have a good match with Humongous, who is just awful. Probably too much softball stunting his ability.
  • Is the world ready for a Von Erich comic book? No, not really, but we're getting one anyway. Creative Ink of Tyler, Texas is scheduling the March release of “The Saga of the Von Erich Warriors” in which Kerry, Kevin, and Fritz are taken from Earth to the planet Namoria to rescue the Namorians from attackers from the planet Nefarian. The comic winds up not coming out until 1989, and it’s a one off single issue.
Read: The Saga of the Von Erich Warriors
  • If Ken Mantell and Jim Crockett can strike a deal, expect Flair vs. Kerry Von Erich in Texas Stadium in May. Don't hold your breath. WCCW has started doing okay business again (okay, however, does not translate to taking Crockett’s place as the number 2 promotion like some people who have way too many drugs in their system think), so that’s probably helpful to negotiations.
  • WCCW has cut ticket prices to $5 for their February 22 Fort Worth show, headlined by the Thunderdome cage match. The Von Erichs and Steve and Schaun Simpson and Bill Irwin will face Buddy Roberts and King Parsons and Rip Morgan and Angel of Death and Eric Embry in a cage match where all ten men are in the ring tornado style, and each time a guy gets pinned he gets handcuffed to the corner and when all members of a team are handcuffed their opponents get to uncuff their partners and beat the losers for five minutes without a referee.
  • WCCW came up with something Dave thinks is even dumber than buying a belt. On February 14 (Dave has the 15th), the Texas tag titles were contested in a best two of three falls, where the final fall went to a double countout. So they brought out a deck of cards and each team drew a card, with the high card winning the titles. So John Tatum and Jack Victory won by drawing the high card against the Fantastics.
  • No word yet from AWA’s Feb 20 Las Vegas tapings before they go on hiatus other than the Rock & Roll Express debuted (or were scheduled to, update on this below) as babyfaces. Obviously that’s a silly move, since they have a natural feud with the Midnight Rockers if they were heels and they have always been booed in the Twin Cities. Also Tom Zenk quit the AWA on the day of the taping just as they were setting up for a feud between him and Curt Hennig (also an update on Zenk below). Zenk knows his worth, though, and he knows he’s not going to be paid decently to actually wrestle in AWA, so it’s not worth doing. Also, he seems to have no idea what the thinking behind having him debut in a draw with Billy Robinson before going on to feud with Hennig.
  • Speaking of AWA pay, Hennig isn’t the only one who will be paid while AWA is on hiatus. Kevin Kelly and Madusa are also on guarantees, although theirs are substantially less than Hennig’s Hennig is getting around $1500 per week, while they’re on under $300 per week. Better than nothing, though.
  • Here’s the current situation with the tag titles and world title in AWA. So the tag titles are currently held up in three different cities, but everywhere else the Midnight Rockers are definitively the tag champions. As for the world title, that’s held up in two cities and they have different challengers with claims to the title in those cities. Totally not a headache to keep track of.
  • Verne Gagne and Wally Karbo’s lawsuit has been settled out of court. Karbo was Gagne’s partner and co-founder of the AWA when they broke away from the NWA back in 1960, and he sold his interest in the company to Gagne in 1985, from which I suspect this lawsuit emerged. From piecing info together (none of the newsletters to this point that I have contain anything about the lawsuit, and this isn’t easy to pull from the internet either), it looks like Gagne was unable or unwilling to pay what he owed to Karbo in full, so Karbo sued, and here we are with the settlement. Dave’s gotten two stories out of this settlement: one has Verne agreeing to pay in full by March 1, while one report says Karbo is settling for getting 10 cents on the dollar of what he’s owed. Maybe we’ll learn more in the future, because it’s an interesting piece of info about the death spiral of the AWA.
  • Former UWF TV Champion Savannah Jack has developed serious heart problems. Serious enough he may need a heart transplant. He’s still working as a manager right now for Pro Wrestling America. Don’t worry - Savannah Jack will pull through this one.
  • POWW is scheduling 20 dates in March. A few of their women can work, but most are trying to get exposure to launch into modeling or film acting, which, hey, do what you gotta do to make it. The pay for them is pretty good, Dave hears, but the issue is that their training hasn’t really given them enough to really make it in wrestling for any of them who choose to try - the ex-GLOW girls in particular apparently don’t even know what spots are, let alone how to do them. It makes the matches between the women who can work and those who can’t really bad.
  • Global Wrestling in Florida has lost all their big name talent except Colonel Kirchner. Dave says they’ve become the “only amateur pro wrestling organization in the country” if you get what he’s saying.
  • A Muscular Dystrophy auction at a new york night club saw a bunch of sports memorabilia auctioned off, including a pair of Bruiser Brody’s boots. The boots sold for $500.
  • There’s a new book by Jim Friedman called Drawing Heat coming out. Dave’s going to read it this week and give impressions, but his initial impression is that it’s a smart analysis of how wrestling has changed over the years.
  • Apparently on their last Japan tour, Abdullah the Butcher and TNT had some issues. TNT refused to work with Abby for a few days, feeling like he was being held back to make Abby look better, but they resolved it. Likewise, Tatsumi Fujinami boycotted a card where he was supposed to team with Inoki because Inoki’s ego is planet-sized. But that has also been worked out.
  • Very little of the New Japan jr. heavyweight tournament was broadcast in Japan. TV Asahi believes that jr. heavyweight matches between Japanese guys don’t create much in the way of viewer interest, and were really only interested in the matches pitting a Japanese guy against a foreigner.
  • All Japan is putting Killer Khan, Tiger Chung Lee, and Shunji Takano in Tenryu’s Revolution group. Khan and Lee are on the older side and it just makes Dave wish Baba would invest more in younger talent. Takano has excellent potential with this group, at least. I'll be keeping an eye on this - 1988 is where Revolution starts picking up steam.
  • John Tenta is a candidate for most improved in Japanese Wrestling Journal for 1988. He throws the best dropkick in the entire business and makes the Road Warriors look like kids. His dropkick is so good it's actually his photo on Wikipedia
  • According to Japanese Wrestling Journal, the December 27 New Japan show where the fans rioted in Sumo Hall drew massive ratings when Takeshi Kitano appeared. Dave just quotes a translation of what the journal says and I’ll do it here too:
It started off with a 6 rating while Kobayashi wrestled Hase for the jr. title however it drew nearly a 17 rating at its peak when Takeshi Kitano, one of the top comedians in Japan, appeared at the Sumo Hall for the first time. This means that Takeshi has strong ratings power for TV. This is the reason Inoki and TV Asahi joined hands with the famous comedian. However, Takeshi’s angle is fading out because of the riot held in the Sumo Hall. To make matters worse, New Japan is banned from using the Sumo Hall “for good.” There is nothing wrong with Takeshi being involved in the business since the TV was in a critical situation and New Japan had to take desperate steps to keep the show in prime time, but the plan backfired due to Inoki’s ego.
  • AWA update - the Rock and Roll Express didn’t show up to the Vegas taping. So Paul Diamond and Pat Tanaka got a non-title match with the Midnight Rockers and won that.
  • [WWF] Cuban Assassin and Badnews Brown almost had an incident at the WWF tv tapings on February 16 and 17 in Wichita and Topeka, Kansas. Brown was chasing Assassin around with a chair. Apparently there’s some bad blood between them (and their wives got into it as well) stemming from their Calgary days that led to Assassin leaving Calgary. I guess nothing actually happened beyond the chase with the chair, though, because Dave doesn’t say anything else.
  • Recent AWA shows have been drawing between 42 and 300 fans. The Baron Von Raschke vs. Sheik Adnan grudge match they taped at the Vegas taping will definitely boost those numbers. Yesiree.
  • Tom Zenk apparently left AWA because they kept blowing him off when he asked for guaranteed money. Verne, you can’t expect people to stick around if you won’t pay them.
  • The AWA Title situation remains screwed up, but that’s pretty normal. On the February 21 airing of their Minneapolis tv show, Verne said all the midwestern promoters want to recognize Greg Gagne as champion and said if Stanley Blackburn doesn’t like it, then maybe AWA should get a new president. And thus Stanley Blackburn has been put in the position of being the top heel in the promotion, a full decade before Vince McMahon would actually successfully position himself the same way. Verne also compared this to the situation that led to the formation of the AWA in the first place - the Lou Thesz vs. Edouard Carpentier match in 1957 where Carpentier beat Thesz in two falls (one by DQ) and the NWA wouldn’t recognize the Carpentier as champion but all the midwestern promoters decided to recognize Carpentier as the legitimate champion (and the NWA would eventually pretend Carpentier’s reign never happened at all), which led to them uniting under Verne and Karbo a few years later when Verne beat Carpentier (by countout in the third fall) and forming the AWA. Dave’s not sure what to make of all this, but there seems to be a lot of pressure on Hennig and AWA seems to be holding Greg as an option to cover their asses if Hennig does something. But Hennig really hurt himself bad taking a bad neck and shoulder bump and is supposed to be resting, but instead he worked Vegas and Portland and the AWA office is mad that he’s missed shows (maybe they’re looking for an excuse to cut his guarantee given their financial situation). Dave just hopes Crockett’s people wake up, because Hennig would make a perfect fourth Horseman.
Watch: Gagne vs. Carpentier for the World Title in the match that launched the AWA
  • WTBS has extended its contract with Crockett through 1994. There are a bunch of changes to the tv on TBS as well. The Saturday morning studio show is now becoming NWA Pro on a one-hour delay. The Saturday evening show will almost always be in-studio, and Sunday will be in the arena every week beginning in April with high caliber matches (they’re looking at only 3-4 matches per week for that, which should give the show decent length for undercard matches and 20 minutes for the main event). The Sunday show is aimed at getting ratings up (workrate = ratings, you know), and Saturday is mainly to build house show interest. And the TBS shows will now all be part of the syndicated package, and that should boost their syndicated rating to around the 8.5 level, which is just 1.5 points behind WWF and should get them decent ad sales income through TV.
  • Talks between Crockett and Mantell have gotten “real cold” as of the latest info. Dave’s thinking nothing’s going to come of it at this point.
  • FlaiSting at Clash of the Champions will have J.J. Dillon in a cage above the ring. They’ll also have three judges to decide the match in the event of a time-limit draw. TBS has also agreed to four Clash-like specials per year and Turner signed a five year deal with Crockett to co-promote ppv cards together. So look to Crockett to try to do another ppv this year.
  • A reader suggests that since the Von Erichs keep winning Most Disgusting Promotional Tactic that Dave should rename the award. The Fritz Von Erich Promotional Tactic of the Year would allow Dave to stop spilling so much ink on how scummy the Von Erichs are and instead allow a quick reminder without having to go into detail. It's funny, because this is the last year the Von Erichs will ever win the award. Fritz's fake heart attack will win for 1988 - next year WWC will win for pushing Invader #1 (fuck Invader #1) a year after he murdered Bruiser Brody, the 90s are pretty evenly between WCW and WWF, and from 2001 on WWF/E only loses this award twice: TNA in 2007 (signing Pacman Jones) and Bellator in 2016 (Kimbo vs. Dada 5000). Really, it's the Vince McMahon Promotional Tactic of the year award at this point in all but name.
  • Did you know that Boris Malenko was apparently blacklisted out of the mainstream promotions back in 1972? I didn’t. But apparently it followed a babyface turn in Florida where he teamed with Eddie Graham’s son Mike. Dave’s not sure why he got blacklisted, only that it was pretty common at that time. He did briefly go to Texas in 1972, maybe that had something to do with it?
  • Magnum T.A.’s latest on-air protege is Shane Douglas. In other Magnum news, his doctors have told him he ought to be able to start jogging again by summer.
  • Crockett is working with the people behind the Candian tv show Learning the Ropes that is being offered up for syndication soon. It’s a comedy about a school teacher whose night job is as a masked wrestler and features clips of NWA wrestlers in character, and if it’s a hit this could help Crockett get some of their guys to become real celebrities. Needless to say, you probably don't remember this show because it wasn't a hit, and if it does ring a bell it's probably thanks to Brian Zane or Wrestlecrap.
Watch: Learning the Ropes opening
Watch: Wrestling with Wregret's review of Learning the Ropes
  • Reports of Crockett’s demise are greatly exaggerated. They drew $350,000 last weekend alone, so they’re still going reasonably strong.
  • Big praise for the Varsity Club in the NWA. Dave’s amazed at how well the gimmick has helped Mike Rotundo turn things around when his career appeared to be stagnating.
  • Although nearly everyone agrees Sting has surpassed Luger, Luger’s still the guy Crockett’s going to be putting time into as the young babyface. Luger’s still going to get all the chances, and Dave likens it to a first-round draft pick who turns out not so hot and a 7th-round pick who does better: you still keep giving the first guy chances because you don’t want to admit you made a mistake and because you’ve invested too much time and money into him already. Speaking of monetary investment, Luger’s contract is seven times more lucrative than Sting’s. So yeah, they’re gonna run with Luger to make that money worth it because the sunk cost fallacy is a difficult one to get over. Sting’s contract runs out in May, so those negotiations could become quite interesting.
THURSDAY: Who will win the Wrestlemania tournament?, Michael Hayes gets the book in World Class, and more
submitted by SaintRidley to SquaredCircle [link] [comments]


2020.07.28 05:08 Blueoriontiger 33 [M4F] Knoxville, TN - Beacon Activated. Mode: Repeat Pulse

Hello, thanks for taking the time to stop by. Hopefully we can get to know each other. I'm looking for a woman that I can have a serious relationship with. I usually don't find anyone I like that likes me back, much less anyone with anything in common to go on a date even. So here's hoping to 2020 that we can get over that hurdle at least.
I'm currently living in East Tennessee a bit aways from Knoxville in an extremely rural area. Internet and cell phone signal is sparse, and it's a temporary arrangement till the pandemic blows over. I prefer large cities to live in, and shy away from remote, rural locations. I was born in Florida, grew up in New Jersey and feel at home on the road. Living in the rural South is like being a fish out of water.
To put the right foot forward and be open, this is me. 5' 6", 150-155 lbs on average. Indian, black hair and brown eyes. I do wear glasses (my glasses tint for driving, so apologies for that). I do try to keep myself fit with walking and diet, but not a gym rat.
Leisure activities include gardening to some degree, writing, digital art and PC gaming. I also do the DnD/Pathfinder thing, and play with a few peeps I met here on Reddit for the past six months. I even DM my own Call of Cthulhu game, which has been quite interesting so far. Pre-pandemic I absolutely loved road trips.. I do like the horror writing thing, have been on /nosleep before, and do write my own spoop to share when able. And while it is a chore sometimes, I love to grill stuff; nothing beats chicken wings.
I have a great sense of wonder for what's in the ocean and in the sky; I had gone under training to be a private pilot, and nearly became an astronomer if I wasn't bad at math. Astronomy, Marine biology and aviation are things I think about a lot, and it shows in both my art and writing.
You may ask why I'm single. The answer is extremely simple; I'm not looking to date either A. a chubby/plus-sized girl or B. someone who is engrained and attached to the rural South (y'all, accent, rides horses, loves mountains, etc.). I also am religious (Christian), not left-leaning and a one-cat person (allergic to dogs), so that does narrow down my choices quite a bit.
So if any of this resonates, you don't have kids, you do digital art or have a knack for video games, can use your imagination and have some fun things to talk about, drop a message! I am looking for someone in the US, preferably east coast.
submitted by Blueoriontiger to ForeverAloneDating [link] [comments]


2020.07.02 23:35 yonatan777 Trying to Leave Nashville, Considering Tri-Cities

Hi, I am a single 42 year old Jewish guy who just lost his already struggling software business due to the Covid pandemic. I'm going to be living on a very meager income and taking out a loan to survive. Nashville's economy is really going down the toilet and they are now revoking the licenses of several of the largest tourist attractions in town which will only hurt to rape the economy even more. As well, the COvid restrictions here have resulted in so many businesses to shut down and today the Mayor announced he will be shutting down all bars and perhaps even shutdown all restaurants and retail businesses. Basically, Nashville's economy will implode as it was already struggling and there is no way it will weather a longer shutdown. I worry for its future.
I also am not really a fan of Nashville , but I have heard a lot of great things about the Tri-Cities and Knoxville. These are two places in Tennessee I am considering to relocate. I'm originally from the Pacific Northwest and grew up in Oregon and lived in Seattle for 6 years before moving East and then lived a short time in Charlotte, NC and then Denver, CO for a year. I couldn't take the weather in Denver and like the steamy and warm summers here in the South.
I actually liked North Carolina a lot, but I hear the economy there is in horrible shape with the very strict Covid restrictions and has the strictest lockdowns next to New York. Unfortunately, because I am in such financial turmoil I cannot afford to move back to a place like Charlotte, anyway.
I'm hoping to save money and spend the next year preparing for job interviews because I have not had to go onto the software market in 15 + years . I do have 20 years of application (not web) software development experience, but the software market is in bad shape and there is mostly only web jobs available in Nashville. I also am just not ready to interview yet. I was thinking I may just need to work some part-time job, doing whatever kind of work I can get wherever I move. Software interviews are extremely challenging and it will require preparation. Just so people know I am not a web developer (my experience is desktop development) but I am striving to switch to web development.
In addition to not really finding people in Nashville area that friendly, the place is insanely expensive, even with the crippled economy. Despite everyone losing jobs around me, my landlords will be raising my rent $100/mo to $1300/mo for 2bed that is like 30 miles from downtown Nashville. My place is ridiculously cheap by Nashville standards too. I will be living on a shoestring and cannot afford it. There also is just some kind of vibe I find here that reminds me of California a little. It's not like Charlotte area, where people were friendly and outgoing. As well, people in Denver were way more laid back and friendly than Nashville. Not sure what the deal is, but there is a lot of big money here, maybe from the music business and a large number of wealthy Californian transplants?
TL;DR
I really fell in love with the beauty of Eastern Tennessee and the mountains there. Growing up in the Northwest I find Nashville too be way too flat for me. As well, I got hit by an EF-4 tornado that ripped right past my apartment complex 3 months ago and I thought I would die. I hear the Tri-Cities has less tornadoes, which is good. I am big into hiking, outdoors and hope I can enjoy some nature. I'm pretty much locked up in my house in Nashville (actually Wilson county) as there is nothing to do with everything being closed and its not worth driving hours for the hiking around here. I don't have much free time either.
I'm probably looking for a place around $700/mo. Cheaper is better, of course. I will be storing and selling most of my life possessions; just taking the bare necessities with me. I don't know what the crime is like in Tri-Cities area. From what I see, there isn't too much violent crime at least. Can I find a place where I can rent a 1 bedroom apartment, house , maybe even a mfg home deal for that money? Anyone know what kind of part-time jobs would be available? I hear there really isn't any IT market in the Tri-Cities, so I doubt I will find a local software job (and not ready to interview either yet), but will be striving for a remote job. I could do any kind of work for part-time that will help get me by.
Is there high-speed broadband available in the Tri-Cities area like Spectrum, AT&T or Comcast?
Anyone else know how hard it is for a single non-Christian (Jewish) guy for having a social life and dating? I understand its a smaller city and probably not many options for getting to know people and being an outsider I can imagine it may take a lot of time to make friends in more rural area of Tennessee. As of now ,survival is more important to me than socializing anyway. But, it is always good to know the situation there and I feel you need to be part of your community. In Nashville that is tough.
As far as me lifestyle/views, I am pretty Libertarian , live and let-live type who likes country music, bluegrass and Southern culture and grew up in rural Oregon. Oregon reminds me a little of East Tennessee from my brief travels there. I don't really adhere to "Jewish culture" but I do practice Judaism, although not religiously.
submitted by yonatan777 to tricities [link] [comments]


2020.06.26 15:03 freedomforg The manhattan project thing 2/5

Patterson approved the acquisition of the site on 25 November 1942, authorizing $440,000 for the purchase of the site of 54,000 acres (22,000 ha), all but 8,900 acres (3,600 ha) of which were already owned by the Federal Government.[95] Secretary of Agriculture Claude R. Wickard granted use of some 45,100 acres (18,300 ha) of United States Forest Service land to the War Department "for so long as the military necessity continues".[96] The need for land, for a new road, and later for a right of way for a 25-mile (40 km) power line, eventually brought wartime land purchases to 45,737 acres (18,509.1 ha), but only $414,971 was spent.[95] Construction was contracted to the M. M. Sundt Company of Tucson, Arizona, with Willard C. Kruger and Associates of Santa Fe, New Mexico, as architect and engineer. Work commenced in December 1942. Groves initially allocated $300,000 for construction, three times Oppenheimer's estimate, with a planned completion date of 15 March 1943. It soon became clear that the scope of Project Y was greater than expected, and by the time Sundt finished on 30 November 1943, over $7 million had been spent.[97]
Map of Los Alamos site, New Mexico, 1943–45
Because it was secret, Los Alamos was referred to as "Site Y" or "the Hill".[98] Birth certificates of babies born in Los Alamos during the war listed their place of birth as PO Box 1663 in Santa Fe.[99] Initially Los Alamos was to have been a military laboratory with Oppenheimer and other researchers commissioned into the Army. Oppenheimer went so far as to order himself a lieutenant colonel's uniform, but two key physicists, Robert Bacher and Isidor Rabi, balked at the idea. Conant, Groves and Oppenheimer then devised a compromise whereby the laboratory was operated by the University of California under contract to the War Department.[100]
Chicago
Main article: Metallurgical Laboratory
An Army-OSRD council on 25 June 1942 decided to build a pilot plant for plutonium production in Red Gate Woods southwest of Chicago. In July, Nichols arranged for a lease of 1,025 acres (415 ha) from the Cook County Forest Preserve District, and Captain James F. Grafton was appointed Chicago area engineer. It soon became apparent that the scale of operations was too great for the area, and it was decided to build the plant at Oak Ridge, and keep a research and testing facility in Chicago.[101][102]
Delays in establishing the plant in Red Gate Woods led Compton to authorize the Metallurgical Laboratory to construct the first nuclear reactor beneath the bleachers of Stagg Field at the University of Chicago. The reactor required an enormous amount of graphite blocks and uranium pellets. At the time, there was a limited source of pure uranium. Frank Spedding of Iowa State University were able to produce only two short tons of pure uranium. Additional three short tons of uranium metal was supplied by Westinghouse Lamp Plant which was produced in a rush with makeshift process. A large square balloon was constructed by Goodyear Tire to encase the reactor.[103][104] On 2 December 1942, a team led by Enrico Fermi initiated the first artificial[note 3] self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction in an experimental reactor known as Chicago Pile-1.[106] The point at which a reaction becomes self-sustaining became known as "going critical". Compton reported the success to Conant in Washington, D.C., by a coded phone call, saying, "The Italian navigator [Fermi] has just landed in the new world."[107][note 4]
In January 1943, Grafton's successor, Major Arthur V. Peterson, ordered Chicago Pile-1 dismantled and reassembled at Red Gate Woods, as he regarded the operation of a reactor as too hazardous for a densely populated area.[108] At the Argonne site, Chicago Pile-3, the first heavy water reactor, went critical on 15 May 1944.[109][110] After the war, the operations that remained at Red Gate moved to the new site of the Argonne National Laboratory about 6 miles (9.7 km) away.[102]
Hanford
Main article: Hanford Site
By December 1942 there were concerns that even Oak Ridge was too close to a major population center (Knoxville) in the unlikely event of a major nuclear accident. Groves recruited DuPont in November 1942 to be the prime contractor for the construction of the plutonium production complex. DuPont was offered a standard cost plus fixed-fee contract, but the President of the company, Walter S. Carpenter, Jr., wanted no profit of any kind, and asked for the proposed contract to be amended to explicitly exclude the company from acquiring any patent rights. This was accepted, but for legal reasons a nominal fee of one dollar was agreed upon. After the war, DuPont asked to be released from the contract early, and had to return 33 cents.[111]
A large crowd of sullen looking workmen at a counter where two women are writing. Some of the workmen are wearing identify photographs of themselves on their hats.
Hanford workers collect their paychecks at the Western Union office.
DuPont recommended that the site be located far from the existing uranium production facility at Oak Ridge.[112] In December 1942, Groves dispatched Colonel Franklin Matthias and DuPont engineers to scout potential sites. Matthias reported that Hanford Site near Richland, Washington, was "ideal in virtually all respects". It was isolated and near the Columbia River, which could supply sufficient water to cool the reactors that would produce the plutonium. Groves visited the site in January and established the Hanford Engineer Works (HEW), codenamed "Site W".[113]
Under Secretary Patterson gave his approval on 9 February, allocating $5 million for the acquisition of 40,000 acres (16,000 ha) of land in the area. The federal government relocated some 1,500 residents of White Bluffs and Hanford, and nearby settlements, as well as the Wanapum and other tribes using the area. A dispute arose with farmers over compensation for crops, which had already been planted before the land was acquired. Where schedules allowed, the Army allowed the crops to be harvested, but this was not always possible.[113] The land acquisition process dragged on and was not completed before the end of the Manhattan Project in December 1946.[114]
The dispute did not delay work. Although progress on the reactor design at Metallurgical Laboratory and DuPont was not sufficiently advanced to accurately predict the scope of the project, a start was made in April 1943 on facilities for an estimated 25,000 workers, half of whom were expected to live on-site. By July 1944, some 1,200 buildings had been erected and nearly 51,000 people were living in the construction camp. As area engineer, Matthias exercised overall control of the site.[115] At its peak, the construction camp was the third most populous town in Washington state.[116] Hanford operated a fleet of over 900 buses, more than the city of Chicago.[117] Like Los Alamos and Oak Ridge, Richland was a gated community with restricted access, but it looked more like a typical wartime American boomtown: the military profile was lower, and physical security elements like high fences, towers, and guard dogs were less evident.[118]
Canadian sites
Main article: Montreal Laboratory
British Columbia
Cominco had produced electrolytic hydrogen at Trail, British Columbia, since 1930. Urey suggested in 1941 that it could produce heavy water. To the existing $10 million plant consisting of 3,215 cells consuming 75 MW of hydroelectric power, secondary electrolysis cells were added to increase the deuterium concentration in the water from 2.3% to 99.8%. For this process, Hugh Taylor of Princeton developed a platinum-on-carbon catalyst for the first three stages while Urey developed a nickel-chromia one for the fourth stage tower. The final cost was $2.8 million. The Canadian Government did not officially learn of the project until August 1942. Trail's heavy water production started in January 1944 and continued until 1956. Heavy water from Trail was used for Chicago Pile 3, the first reactor using heavy water and natural uranium, which went critical on 15 May 1944.[119]
Ontario
The Chalk River, Ontario, site was established to rehouse the Allied effort at the Montreal Laboratory away from an urban area. A new community was built at Deep River, Ontario, to provide residences and facilities for the team members. The site was chosen for its proximity to the industrial manufacturing area of Ontario and Quebec, and proximity to a rail head adjacent to a large military base, Camp Petawawa. Located on the Ottawa River, it had access to abundant water. The first director of the new laboratory was Hans von Halban. He was replaced by John Cockcroft in May 1944, who in turn was succeeded by Bennett Lewis in September 1946. A pilot reactor known as ZEEP (zero-energy experimental pile) became the first Canadian reactor, and the first to be completed outside the United States, when it went critical in September 1945, ZEEP remained in use by researchers until 1970.[120] A larger 10 MW NRX reactor, which was designed during the war, was completed and went critical in July 1947.[119]
Northwest Territories
The Eldorado Mine at Port Radium was a source of uranium ore.[121]
Heavy water sites
Main article: P-9 Project
Although DuPont's preferred designs for the nuclear reactors were helium cooled and used graphite as a moderator, DuPont still expressed an interest in using heavy water as a backup, in case the graphite reactor design proved infeasible for some reason. For this purpose, it was estimated that 3 short tons (2.7 t) of heavy water would be required per month. The P-9 Project was the government's code name for the heavy water production program. As the plant at Trail, which was then under construction, could produce 0.5 short tons (0.45 t) per month, additional capacity was required. Groves therefore authorized DuPont to establish heavy water facilities at the Morgantown Ordnance Works, near Morgantown, West Virginia; at the Wabash River Ordnance Works, near Dana and Newport, Indiana; and at the Alabama Ordnance Works, near Childersburg and Sylacauga, Alabama. Although known as Ordnance Works and paid for under Ordnance Department contracts, they were built and operated by the Army Corps of Engineers. The American plants used a process different from Trail's; heavy water was extracted by distillation, taking advantage of the slightly higher boiling point of heavy water.[122][123]
Uranium
Ore
The key raw material for the project was uranium, which was used as fuel for the reactors, as feed that was transformed into plutonium, and, in its enriched form, in the atomic bomb itself. There were four known major deposits of uranium in 1940: in Colorado, in northern Canada, in Joachimsthal in Czechoslovakia, and in the Belgian Congo.[124] All but Joachimstal were in allied hands. A November 1942 survey determined that sufficient quantities of uranium were available to satisfy the project's requirements.[125] Nichols arranged with the State Department for export controls to be placed on uranium oxide and negotiated for the purchase of 1,200 short tons (1,100 t) of uranium ore from the Belgian Congo that was being stored in a warehouse on Staten Island and the remaining stocks of mined ore stored in the Congo. He negotiated with Eldorado Gold Mines for the purchase of ore from its refinery in Port Hope, Ontario, and its shipment in 100-ton lots. The Canadian government subsequently bought up the company's stock until it acquired a controlling interest.[126]
While these purchases assured a sufficient supply to meet wartime needs, the American and British leaders concluded that it was in their countries' interest to gain control of as much of the world's uranium deposits as possible. The richest source of ore was the Shinkolobwe mine in the Belgian Congo, but it was flooded and closed. Nichols unsuccessfully attempted to negotiate its reopening and the sale of the entire future output to the United States with Edgar Sengier, the director of the company that owned the mine, Union Minière du Haut Katanga.[127] The matter was then taken up by the Combined Policy Committee. As 30 percent of Union Minière's stock was controlled by British interests, the British took the lead in negotiations. Sir John Anderson and Ambassador John Winant hammered out a deal with Sengier and the Belgian government in May 1944 for the mine to be reopened and 1,720 short tons (1,560 t) of ore to be purchased at $1.45 a pound.[128] To avoid dependence on the British and Canadians for ore, Groves also arranged for the purchase of US Vanadium Corporation's stockpile in Uravan, Colorado. Uranium mining in Colorado yielded about 800 short tons (730 t) of ore.[129]
Mallinckrodt Incorporated in St. Louis, Missouri, took the raw ore and dissolved it in nitric acid to produce uranyl nitrate. Ether was then added in a liquid–liquid extraction process to separate the impurities from the uranyl nitrate. This was then heated to form uranium trioxide, which was reduced to highly pure uranium dioxide.[130] By July 1942, Mallinckrodt was producing a ton of highly pure oxide a day, but turning this into uranium metal initially proved more difficult for contractors Westinghouse and Metal Hydrides.[131] Production was too slow and quality was unacceptably low. A special branch of the Metallurgical Laboratory was established at Iowa State College in Ames, Iowa, under Frank Spedding to investigate alternatives. This became known as the Ames Project, and its Ames process became available in 1943.[132]
Uranium refining at Ames
A "bomb" (pressure vessel) containing uranium halide and sacrificial metal, probably magnesium, being lowered into a furnace
After the reaction, the interior of a bomb coated with remnant slag
A uranium metal "biscuit" from the reduction reaction
Isotope separation
Natural uranium consists of 99.3% uranium-238 and 0.7% uranium-235, but only the latter is fissile. The chemically identical uranium-235 has to be physically separated from the more plentiful isotope. Various methods were considered for uranium enrichment, most of which was carried out at Oak Ridge.[133]
The most obvious technology, the centrifuge, failed, but electromagnetic separation, gaseous diffusion, and thermal diffusion technologies were all successful and contributed to the project. In February 1943, Groves came up with the idea of using the output of some plants as the input for others.[134]
Contour map of the Oak Ridge area. There is a river to the south, while the township is in the north.
Oak Ridge hosted several uranium separation technologies. The Y-12 electromagnetic separation plant is in the upper right. The K-25 and K-27 gaseous diffusion plants are in the lower left, near the S-50 thermal diffusion plant. (The X-10 was for plutonium production.)
Centrifuges
The centrifuge process was regarded as the only promising separation method in April 1942.[135] Jesse Beams had developed such a process at the University of Virginia during the 1930s, but had encountered technical difficulties. The process required high rotational speeds, but at certain speeds harmonic vibrations developed that threatened to tear the machinery apart. It was therefore necessary to accelerate quickly through these speeds. In 1941 he began working with uranium hexafluoride, the only known gaseous compound of uranium, and was able to separate uranium-235. At Columbia, Urey had Karl Cohen investigate the process, and he produced a body of mathematical theory making it possible to design a centrifugal separation unit, which Westinghouse undertook to construct.[136]
Scaling this up to a production plant presented a formidable technical challenge. Urey and Cohen estimated that producing a kilogram (2.2 lb) of uranium-235 per day would require up to 50,000 centrifuges with 1-meter (3 ft 3 in) rotors, or 10,000 centrifuges with 4-meter (13 ft) rotors, assuming that 4-meter rotors could be built. The prospect of keeping so many rotors operating continuously at high speed appeared daunting,[137] and when Beams ran his experimental apparatus, he obtained only 60% of the predicted yield, indicating that more centrifuges would be required. Beams, Urey and Cohen then began work on a series of improvements which promised to increase the efficiency of the process. However, frequent failures of motors, shafts and bearings at high speeds delayed work on the pilot plant.[138] In November 1942 the centrifuge process was abandoned by the Military Policy Committee following a recommendation by Conant, Nichols and August C. Klein of Stone & Webster.[139]
Although the centrifuge method was abandoned by the Manhattan Project, research into it advanced significantly after the war with the introduction of the Zippe-type centrifuge, which was developed in the Soviet Union by Soviet and captured German engineers.[140] It eventually became the preferred method of Uranium isotope separation, being far more economical than the other separation methods used during WWII.[141]
Electromagnetic separation
Main article: Y-12 Project
Electromagnetic isotope separation was developed by Lawrence at the University of California Radiation Laboratory. This method employed devices known as calutrons, a hybrid of the standard laboratory mass spectrometer and the cyclotron magnet. The name was derived from the words California, university and cyclotron.[142] In the electromagnetic process, a magnetic field deflected charged particles according to mass.[143] The process was neither scientifically elegant nor industrially efficient.[144] Compared with a gaseous diffusion plant or a nuclear reactor, an electromagnetic separation plant would consume more scarce materials, require more manpower to operate, and cost more to build. Nonetheless, the process was approved because it was based on proven technology and therefore represented less risk. Moreover, it could be built in stages, and rapidly reach industrial capacity.[142]
A large oval-shaped structure
Alpha I racetrack at Y-12
Marshall and Nichols discovered that the electromagnetic isotope separation process would require 5,000 short tons (4,500 tonnes) of copper, which was in desperately short supply. However, silver could be substituted, in an 11:10 ratio. On 3 August 1942, Nichols met with Under Secretary of the Treasury Daniel W. Bell and asked for the transfer of 6,000 tons of silver bullion from the West Point Bullion Depository. "Young man," Bell told him, "you may think of silver in tons but the Treasury will always think of silver in troy ounces!"[145] Eventually, 14,700 short tons (13,300 tonnes; 430,000,000 troy ounces) were used.[146]
The 1,000-troy-ounce (31 kg) silver bars were cast into cylindrical billets and taken to Phelps Dodge in Bayway, New Jersey, where they were extruded into strips 0.625 inches (15.9 mm) thick, 3 inches (76 mm) wide and 40 feet (12 m) long. These were wound onto magnetic coils by Allis-Chalmers in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. After the war, all the machinery was dismantled and cleaned and the floorboards beneath the machinery were ripped up and burned to recover minute amounts of silver. In the end, only 1/3,600,000th was lost.[146][147] The last silver was returned in May 1970.[148]
Responsibility for the design and construction of the electromagnetic separation plant, which came to be called Y-12, was assigned to Stone & Webster by the S-1 Committee in June 1942. The design called for five first-stage processing units, known as Alpha racetracks, and two units for final processing, known as Beta racetracks. In September 1943 Groves authorized construction of four more racetracks, known as Alpha II. Construction began in February 1943.[149]
When the plant was started up for testing on schedule in October, the 14-ton vacuum tanks crept out of alignment because of the power of the magnets, and had to be fastened more securely. A more serious problem arose when the magnetic coils started shorting out. In December Groves ordered a magnet to be broken open, and handfuls of rust were found inside. Groves then ordered the racetracks to be torn down and the magnets sent back to the factory to be cleaned. A pickling plant was established on-site to clean the pipes and fittings.[144] The second Alpha I was not operational until the end of January 1944, the first Beta and first and third Alpha I's came online in March, and the fourth Alpha I was operational in April. The four Alpha II racetracks were completed between July and October 1944.[150]
A long corridor with many consoles with dials and switches, attended by women seated on high stools
Calutron Girls were young women who monitored calutron control panels at Y-12. Gladys Owens, seated in the foreground, was unaware of what she had been involved with until seeing this photo on a public tour of the facility 50 years later. Photo by Ed Westcott.[151]
Tennessee Eastman was contracted to manage Y-12 on the usual cost plus fixed-fee basis, with a fee of $22,500 per month plus $7,500 per racetrack for the first seven racetracks and $4,000 per additional racetrack.[152] The calutrons were initially operated by scientists from Berkeley to remove bugs and achieve a reasonable operating rate. They were then turned over to trained Tennessee Eastman operators who had only a high school education. Nichols compared unit production data, and pointed out to Lawrence that the young "hillbilly" girl operators were outperforming his PhDs. They agreed to a production race and Lawrence lost, a morale boost for the Tennessee Eastman workers and supervisors. The girls were "trained like soldiers not to reason why", while "the scientists could not refrain from time-consuming investigation of the cause of even minor fluctuations of the dials."[153]
Y-12 initially enriched the uranium-235 content to between 13% and 15%, and shipped the first few hundred grams of this to Los Alamos in March 1944. Only 1 part in 5,825 of the uranium feed emerged as final product. Much of the rest was splattered over equipment in the process. Strenuous recovery efforts helped raise production to 10% of the uranium-235 feed by January 1945. In February the Alpha racetracks began receiving slightly enriched (1.4%) feed from the new S-50 thermal diffusion plant. The next month it received enhanced (5%) feed from the K-25 gaseous diffusion plant. By August K-25 was producing uranium sufficiently enriched to feed directly into the Beta tracks.[154]
Gaseous diffusion
Main article: K-25
The most promising but also the most challenging method of isotope separation was gaseous diffusion. Graham's law states that the rate of effusion of a gas is inversely proportional to the square root of its molecular mass, so in a box containing a semi-permeable membrane and a mixture of two gases, the lighter molecules will pass out of the container more rapidly than the heavier molecules. The gas leaving the container is somewhat enriched in the lighter molecules, while the residual gas is somewhat depleted. The idea was that such boxes could be formed into a cascade of pumps and membranes, with each successive stage containing a slightly more enriched mixture. Research into the process was carried out at Columbia University by a group that included Harold Urey, Karl P. Cohen, and John R. Dunning.[155]
Oblique aerial view of an enormous U-shaped building
Oak Ridge K-25 plant
In November 1942 the Military Policy Committee approved the construction of a 600-stage gaseous diffusion plant.[156] On 14 December, M. W. Kellogg accepted an offer to construct the plant, which was codenamed K-25. A cost plus fixed-fee contract was negotiated, eventually totaling $2.5 million. A separate corporate entity called Kellex was created for the project, headed by Percival C. Keith, one of Kellogg's vice presidents.[157] The process faced formidable technical difficulties. The highly corrosive gas uranium hexafluoride would have to be used, as no substitute could be found, and the motors and pumps would have to be vacuum tight and enclosed in inert gas. The biggest problem was the design of the barrier, which would have to be strong, porous and resistant to corrosion by uranium hexafluoride. The best choice for this seemed to be nickel. Edward Adler and Edward Norris created a mesh barrier from electroplated nickel. A six-stage pilot plant was built at Columbia to test the process, but the Norris-Adler prototype proved to be too brittle. A rival barrier was developed from powdered nickel by Kellex, the Bell Telephone Laboratories and the Bakelite Corporation. In January 1944, Groves ordered the Kellex barrier into production.[158][159]
Kellex's design for K-25 called for a four-story 0.5-mile (0.80 km) long U-shaped structure containing 54 contiguous buildings. These were divided into nine sections. Within these were cells of six stages. The cells could be operated independently, or consecutively within a section. Similarly, the sections could be operated separately or as part of a single cascade. A survey party began construction by marking out the 500-acre (2.0 km2) site in May 1943. Work on the main building began in October 1943, and the six-stage pilot plant was ready for operation on 17 April 1944. In 1945 Groves canceled the upper stages of the plant, directing Kellex to instead design and build a 540-stage side feed unit, which became known as K-27. Kellex transferred the last unit to the operating contractor, Union Carbide and Carbon, on 11 September 1945. The total cost, including the K-27 plant completed after the war, came to $480 million.[160]
The production plant commenced operation in February 1945, and as cascade after cascade came online, the quality of the product increased. By April 1945, K-25 had attained a 1.1% enrichment and the output of the S-50 thermal diffusion plant began being used as feed. Some product produced the next month reached nearly 7% enrichment. In August, the last of the 2,892 stages commenced operation. K-25 and K-27 achieved their full potential in the early postwar period, when they eclipsed the other production plants and became the prototypes for a new generation of plants.[161]
Thermal diffusion
Main article: S-50 Project
The thermal diffusion process was based on Sydney Chapman and David Enskog's theory, which explained that when a mixed gas passes through a temperature gradient, the heavier one tends to concentrate at the cold end and the lighter one at the warm end. Since hot gases tend to rise and cool ones tend to fall, this can be used as a means of isotope separation. This process was first demonstrated by Klaus Clusius and Gerhard Dickel in Germany in 1938.[162] It was developed by US Navy scientists, but was not one of the enrichment technologies initially selected for use in the Manhattan Project. This was primarily due to doubts about its technical feasibility, but the inter-service rivalry between the Army and Navy also played a part.[163]
A factory with three smoking chimneys on a river bend, viewed from above
The S-50 plant is the dark building to the upper left behind the Oak Ridge powerhouse (with smoke stacks).
The Naval Research Laboratory continued the research under Philip Abelson's direction, but there was little contact with the Manhattan Project until April 1944, when Captain William S. Parsons, the naval officer in charge of ordnance development at Los Alamos, brought Oppenheimer news of encouraging progress in the Navy's experiments on thermal diffusion. Oppenheimer wrote to Groves suggesting that the output of a thermal diffusion plant could be fed into Y-12. Groves set up a committee consisting of Warren K. Lewis, Eger Murphree and Richard Tolman to investigate the idea, and they estimated that a thermal diffusion plant costing $3.5 million could enrich 50 kilograms (110 lb) of uranium per week to nearly 0.9% uranium-235. Groves approved its construction on 24 June 1944.[164]
Groves contracted with the H. K. Ferguson Company of Cleveland, Ohio, to build the thermal diffusion plant, which was designated S-50. Groves's advisers, Karl Cohen and W. I. Thompson from Standard Oil,[165] estimated that it would take six months to build. Groves gave Ferguson just four. Plans called for the installation of 2,142 48-foot-tall (15 m) diffusion columns arranged in 21 racks. Inside each column were three concentric tubes. Steam, obtained from the nearby K-25 powerhouse at a pressure of 100 pounds per square inch (690 kPa) and temperature of 545 °F (285 °C), flowed downward through the innermost 1.25-inch (32 mm) nickel pipe, while water at 155 °F (68 °C) flowed upward through the outermost iron pipe. The uranium hexafluoride flowed in the middle copper pipe, and isotope separation of the uranium occurred between the nickel and copper pipes.[166]
Work commenced on 9 July 1944, and S-50 began partial operation in September. Ferguson operated the plant through a subsidiary known as Fercleve. The plant produced just 10.5 pounds (4.8 kg) of 0.852% uranium-235 in October. Leaks limited production and forced shutdowns over the next few months, but in June 1945 it produced 12,730 pounds (5,770 kg).[167] By March 1945, all 21 production racks were operating. Initially the output of S-50 was fed into Y-12, but starting in March 1945 all three enrichment processes were run in series. S-50 became the first stage, enriching from 0.71% to 0.89%. This material was fed into the gaseous diffusion process in the K-25 plant, which produced a product enriched to about 23%. This was, in turn, fed into Y-12,[168] which boosted it to about 89%, sufficient for nuclear weapons.[169]
Aggregate U-235 production
About 50 kilograms (110 lb) of uranium enriched to 89% uranium-235 was delivered to Los Alamos by July 1945.[169] The entire 50 kg, along with some 50%-enriched, averaging out to about 85% enriched, were used in Little Boy.[169]
Plutonium
The second line of development pursued by the Manhattan Project used the fissile element plutonium. Although small amounts of plutonium exist in nature, the best way to obtain large quantities of the element is in a nuclear reactor, in which natural uranium is bombarded by neutrons. The uranium-238 is transmuted into uranium-239, which rapidly decays, first into neptunium-239 and then into plutonium-239.[170] Only a small amount of the uranium-238 will be transformed, so the plutonium must be chemically separated from the remaining uranium, from any initial impurities, and from fission products.[170]
X-10 Graphite Reactor
Main article: X-10 Graphite Reactor
Two workmen on a movable platform similar to that used by window washers, stick a rod into one of many small holes in the wall in front of them.
Workers load uranium slugs into the X-10 Graphite Reactor.
In March 1943, DuPont began construction of a plutonium plant on a 112-acre (0.5 km2) site at Oak Ridge. Intended as a pilot plant for the larger production facilities at Hanford, it included the air-cooled X-10 Graphite Reactor, a chemical separation plant, and support facilities. Because of the subsequent decision to construct water-cooled reactors at Hanford, only the chemical separation plant operated as a true pilot.[171] The X-10 Graphite Reactor consisted of a huge block of graphite, 24 feet (7.3 m) long on each side, weighing around 1,500 short tons (1,400 t), surrounded by 7 feet (2.1 m) of high-density concrete as a radiation shield.[171]
The greatest difficulty was encountered with the uranium slugs produced by Mallinckrodt and Metal Hydrides. These somehow had to be coated in aluminum to avoid corrosion and the escape of fission products into the cooling system. The Grasselli Chemical Company attempted to develop a hot dipping process without success. Meanwhile, Alcoa tried canning. A new process for flux-less welding was developed, and 97% of the cans passed a standard vacuum test, but high temperature tests indicated a failure rate of more than 50%. Nonetheless, production began in June 1943. The Metallurgical Laboratory eventually developed an improved welding technique with the help of General Electric, which was incorporated into the production process in October 1943.[172]
Watched by Fermi and Compton, the X-10 Graphite Reactor went critical on 4 November 1943 with about 30 short tons (27 t) of uranium. A week later the load was increased to 36 short tons (33 t), raising its power generation to 500 kW, and by the end of the month the first 500 mg of plutonium was created.[173] Modifications over time raised the power to 4,000 kW in July 1944. X-10 operated as a production plant until January 1945, when it was turned over to research activities.[174]
Hanford reactors
Main article: Hanford Site
Although an air-cooled design was chosen for the reactor at Oak Ridge to facilitate rapid construction, it was recognized that this would be impractical for the much larger production reactors. Initial designs by the Metallurgical Laboratory and DuPont used helium for cooling, before they determined that a water-cooled reactor would be simpler, cheaper and quicker to build.[175] The design did not become available until 4 October 1943; in the meantime, Matthias concentrated on improving the Hanford Site by erecting accommodations, improving the roads, building a railway switch line, and upgrading the electricity, water and telephone lines.[176]
An aerial view of the Hanford B-Reactor site from June 1944. At center is the reactor building. Small trucks dot the landscape and give a sense of scale. Two large water towers loom above the plant.
Aerial view of Hanford B-Reactor site, June 1944
As at Oak Ridge, the most difficulty was encountered while canning the uranium slugs, which commenced at Hanford in March 1944. They were pickled to remove dirt and impurities, dipped in molten bronze, tin, and aluminum-silicon alloy, canned using hydraulic presses, and then capped using arc welding under an argon atmosphere. Finally, they were subjected to a series of tests to detect holes or faulty welds. Disappointingly, most canned slugs initially failed the tests, resulting in an output of only a handful of canned slugs per day. But steady progress was made and by June 1944 production increased to the point where it appeared that enough canned slugs would be available to start Reactor B on schedule in August 1944.[177]
Work began on Reactor B, the first of six planned 250 MW reactors, on 10 October 1943.[178] The reactor complexes were given letter designations A through F, with B, D and F sites chosen to be developed first, as this maximised the distance between the reactors. They would be the only ones constructed during the Manhattan Project.[179] Some 390 short tons (350 t) of steel, 17,400 cubic yards (13,300 m3) of concrete, 50,000 concrete blocks and 71,000 concrete bricks were used to construct the 120-foot (37 m) high building.
Construction of the reactor itself commenced in February 1944.[180] Watched by Compton, Matthias, DuPont's Crawford Greenewalt, Leona Woods and Fermi, who inserted the first slug, the reactor was powered up beginning on 13 September 1944. Over the next few days, 838 tubes were loaded and the reactor went critical. Shortly after midnight on 27 September, the operators began to withdraw the control rods to initiate production. At first all appeared well but around 03:00 the power level started to drop and by 06:30 the reactor had shut down completely. The cooling water was investigated to see if there was a leak or contamination. The next day the reactor started up again, only to shut down once more.[181][182]
Fermi contacted Chien-Shiung Wu, who identified the cause of the problem as neutron poisoning from xenon-135, which has a half-life of 9.2 hours.[183] Fermi, Woods, Donald J. Hughes and John Archibald Wheeler then calculated the nuclear cross section of xenon-135, which turned out to be 30,000 times that of uranium.[184] DuPont engineer George Graves had deviated from the Metallurgical Laboratory's original design in which the reactor had 1,500 tubes arranged in a circle, and had added an additional 504 tubes to fill in the corners. The scientists had originally considered this overengineering a waste of time and money, but Fermi realized that by loading all 2,004 tubes, the reactor could reach the required power level and efficiently produce plutonium.[185] Reactor D was started on 17 December 1944 and Reactor F on 25 February 1945.[186]
Separation process
A contour map showing the fork of the Columbia and Yakima rivers and the boundary of the land, with seven small red squares marked on it
Map of the Hanford Site. Railroads flank the plants to the north and south. Reactors are the three northernmost red squares, along the Columbia River. The separation plants are the lower two red squares from the grouping south of the reactors. The bottom red square is the 300 area.
Meanwhile, the chemists considered the problem of how plutonium could be separated from uranium when its chemical properties were not known. Working with the minute quantities of plutonium available at the Metallurgical Laboratory in 1942, a team under Charles M. Cooper developed a lanthanum fluoride process for separating uranium and plutonium, which was chosen for the pilot separation plant. A second separation process, the bismuth phosphate process, was subsequently developed by Seaborg and Stanly G. Thomson.[187] This process worked by toggling plutonium between its +4 and +6 oxidation states in solutions of bismuth phosphate. In the former state, the plutonium was precipitated; in the latter, it stayed in solution and the other products were precipitated.[188]
Greenewalt favored the bismuth phosphate process due to the corrosive nature of lanthanum fluoride, and it was selected for the Hanford separation plants.[189] Once X-10 began producing plutonium, the pilot separation plant was put to the test. The first batch was processed at 40% efficiency but over the next few months this was raised to 90%.[174]
At Hanford, top priority was initially given to the installations in the 300 area. This contained buildings for testing materials, preparing uranium, and assembling and calibrating instrumentation. One of the buildings housed the canning equipment for the uranium slugs, while another contained a small test reactor. Notwithstanding the high priority allocated to it, work on the 300 area fell behind schedule due to the unique and complex nature of the 300 area facilities, and wartime shortages of labor and materials.[190]
Early plans called for the construction of two separation plants in each of the areas known as 200-West and 200-East. This was subsequently reduced to two, the T and U plants, in 200-West and one, the B plant, at 200-East.[191] Each separation plant consisted of four buildings: a process cell building or "canyon" (known as 221), a concentration building (224), a purification building (231) and a magazine store (213). The canyons were each 800 feet (240 m) long and 65 feet (20 m) wide. Each consisted of forty 17.7-by-13-by-20-foot (5.4 by 4.0 by 6.1 m) cells.[192]
submitted by freedomforg to OneWordBan [link] [comments]


2020.06.20 00:06 yonatan777 Trying to Leave Nashville, Considering Knoxville

Hi, I am a single 42 year old Jewish guy who just lost his already struggling software business due to the Covid pandemic. I'm going to be living on a very meager income and taking out a loan to survive. Nashville's economy is really going down the toilet and they are now revoking the licenses of several of the largest tourist attractions in town which will only hurt to rape the economy even more. As well, the COvid restrictions here have resulted in so many businesses to shut down.
I also am not really a fan of Nashville , but I have heard a lot of great things about Knoxville and Chattanooga. These are two places I am considering to relocate. I'm originally from the Pacific Northwest and grew up in Oregon and lived in Seattle for 6 years before moving East and then lived a short time in Charlotte, NC and then Denver, CO for a year. I couldn't take the weather in Denver and like the steamy and warm summers here in the South.
I actually liked North Carolina a lot, but I hear the economy there is in horrible shape with the very strict Covid restrictions and has the strictest lockdowns next to New York. Unfortunately, because I am in such financial turmoil I cannot afford to move back to a place like Charlotte, anyway.
I'm hoping to save money and spend the next year preparing for job interviews because I have not had to go onto the software market in 15 + years . I do have 20 years of application (not web) software development experience, but the software market is in bad shape and there is mostly only web jobs available in Nashville. I also am just not ready to interview yet. I was thinking I may just need to work some part-time job, doing whatever kind of work I can get wherever I move. Software interviews are extremely challenging and it will require preparation.

In addition to not really finding people in Nashville area that friendly, the place is insanely expensive, even with the crippled economy. Despite everyone losing jobs around me, my landlords will be raising my rent $100/mo to $1300/mo for 2bed that is like 30 miles from downtown Nashville. My place is ridiculously cheap by Nashville standards too. I will be living on a shoestring and cannot afford it. There also is just some kind of uppity vibe I Find here and it almost reminds me of California a little. It's not like Charlotte area, where people were friendly and outgoing. As well, people in Denver were way more laid back and friendly than Nashville. Not sure what the deal is, but there is a lot of big money here, maybe from the music business and a large number of wealthy Californian transplants?

TL;DR
I really fell in love with the beauty of Knoxville and Chattanooga areas. Both are located near the mountains and growing up in the Northwest I find Nashville too be way too flat for me. As well, I got hit by an EF-4 tornado that ripped right past my apartment complex 3 months ago and I thought I would die. I hear Knoxville has less tornadoes, which is good. I am big into hiking, outdoors and hope I can enjoy some nature. I'm pretty much locked up in my house in Nashville (actually Wilson county) as there is nothing to do with everything being closed and its not worth driving hours for the hiking around here. I don't have much free time either.

I'm probably looking for a place around $700/mo. Cheaper is better, of course. I will be storing and selling most of my life possessions; just taking the bare necessities with me. I have heard Knoxville has considerable crime in some areas. Can I find a place out of the city, maybe a rural suburb where I can rent a 1 bedroom apartment, house , maybe even a mfg home deal for that money? Anyone know what kind of part-time jobs would be available? I hear there really isn't any IT market in Knoxville , so I doubt I will find a local software job (and not ready to interview either yet), but will be striving for a remote job.
Anyone else know how hard it is for a single non-Christian (Jewish) guy for having a social life and dating? It's not too easy here in Nashville, despite whatever reputation it has. I feel either too old or like where I live in Lebanon/Mt Juliet area everyone is married, settled down and involved with church groups.
As far as me lifestyle/views, I am pretty Libertarian , live and let-live type who likes country music, bluegrass and Southern culture and grew up in rural Oregon. Oregon reminds me a little of East Tennessee from my brief travels there. I don't really adhere to "Jewish culture" but I do practice Judaism, although not religiously.
submitted by yonatan777 to Knoxville [link] [comments]


2020.06.09 01:27 yonatan777 Single 42 Male in Chattanooga .. Jobs/Dating/Social Life

I am looking to get out of Nashville as I am not a really big fan of the place, as well the cost of living is skyrocketing despite the city being in financial turmoil and rising unemployment.
I know if you are single non-Christian (I am Jewish) guy in Tennessee it seems you will have limited options for dating, socializing as I know most people marry young here and most social life revolves around the church . I am politically more conservative , even though I am open-minded person and not super religious Jewish person.
After traveling through Chattanooga I was amazed at its beauty that reminds me a lot of where I grew up in the Pacific Northwest (Oregon). I definitely miss having mountains or cliffs around and Nashville is pretty flat for me, even though I admire the rolling hills and country scenery.
Well, I have lost my business of 15+ years due to Covid and now will be scrambling to find a new software job after not being on the market and it will take me about a year of training and preparing for interviews. My goal is to land a remote software job . I eventually would like to relocate to Tampa, FL since Tennessee is a bit on the cold side for me too, but obviously not as bad as Northern states. I like warm and tropical weather.
I was just wondering if being a single guy if Chattanooga will be a pretty lonely place? I find Nashville to be a pretty hard place to make friends and people are not nearly as friendly as I kept hearing. Then again, very few people are even from Nashville and the city seems very cliquey, pretentious and with a lot of wealthy people and affluence. The neighborhoods seem either extremely wealthy or very poor. I also just don't blend in with all the super cool hipster people in East Nashville as I am not hipster enough, despite being an Oregonian.
I was shocked be even in Nashville it is prety family oriented and most people I meet are married and have kids even in their 20s. I understand its the Bible Belt.
Anyway, even if I am left alone because of my situation, age, etc I guess I admire that Chattanooga has so much beauty and outdoor activities. As well , I have been finding a lot of cheap rentals outside the city. In Nashville area, even far out suburbs like Lebanon (near where I live) are still very expensive . I need a year to get my life back together after the Pandemic and Chattanooga and Knoxvlle both seem like more enticing places.
Also, it would be nice to have some more friendly Southern culture more like what I had living in North Carolina. I liked North Carolina, but cannot afford to go back to Charlotte. Middle TN is just a strange place and I don't understand it. I understanding being unwed, no kid Jewish guy in 40s means I might be limited anywhere in TN, but was hoping I could find an affordable place to live that has nice scenery while I get my life together.
I was wondering if anyone can tell me if I am out of the ballpark or will be living in a heavy crime area if I pay around $700/mo for rent? Would I be better off in Knoxville for that price range? I have a car and could probably even live within 45 minutes of the city. Any thoughts of towns like Cleveland, e.g.?
Also, I may be interested in part-time work. Is Chattanooga's economy pretty flattened or is there some opportunities in this Pandemic world? I was thinking of getting any kind of work on the side to supplement the meager income I will be living on which is like $1200/mo , pluus taking out a $15k loan and have a meager savings.
submitted by yonatan777 to Chattanooga [link] [comments]


2020.04.16 02:46 Dwovar My Hometown has Rules: Rule 4

[1][2][3][4][5]

By now I bet a lot of you are trying to figure out what's going on. With each advancement in technology, we've tried: VHS camcorders, digital cameras, video recording, cellphone cameras recording on every street corner, infrared recording. We've also tried a lot of thought experiments: seal someone in a box, seal someone in a box with an air tank, wearing a welding mask, sealing someone in a diving suit, standing just outside the rule zone watching someone inside the rule zone, getting buried and unburied, so on and so on. I don't know the outcome of every experiment, but I know they generally ended in favor of people getting hurt.

One time, and they show this video to every incoming and outgoing high school class, someone taped themselves using an atmosphere diving suit. It's an old VHS. He smiled so confidently going in, ready to beat the world. I don't know if living in a diving suit would really be worth it. I mean the big ones with the old bronze sphere for a head. No way anything was getting in that self-contained monstrosity. He had air tanks and everything. At 8:11, the video shows a spurt of red blood hitting the inside of the glass port hold thingy (I'm sure that's not its name, but I live in the middle of Ohio farm country, sue me). At 8:26 people rush over to help him and bloody drops out of the opened diving mask like a tipped bucket.

Not a lot of us get college degrees and even fewer come back here when they do. You can't bring friends or significant others home. If anything, you try to visit them and their family. Another spring break of not having to close your eyes a the drop of a hat is reason enough to stick with a dead end date. Writing that down feels a little shameful, but I don't care. I've done it and I would have done it again if I hadn't graduated single. I'd move in with someone if it meant not coming back here. In fact I seriously considered going homeless in Tennessee instead of coming home. Knoxville has a lot of different charities set up to care for the homeless and life could be worse than sleeping in homeless shelters and begging for a few bucks. It hurt my pride too much, in the end, to take up the same space as people who actually had no other choice, when my life at home was just difficult.

I did bring home a significant other once. She was a year younger than me but at the same point in her degree. She was smart as a whip and genuinely believed in the supernatural. I opened up to her, at one point, about our town's rules. I'd received a call from Neveah and Duke at 7:45 and it had gone long. Neveah slammed the receiver down at 8:09. We'd been on speakerphone, Zeynep being absolutely adored by Neveah, but it startled Zeynep.

I'd been living on campus for a two years, staying over the summer by working at the Ag Dept as a gardener to keep my campus housing. Zeynep stayed with me even though she wasn't technically allowed to but our RA was her cousin and would turn a blind eye. I didn't mean that to be a pun. It had been long enough that I didn't reflexively think of 8:10 as a rule. I hadn't forgotten, it just wasn't automatic. After thinking a minute I smacked my forehead and exclaimed "Oh! Rule one, right." That was the beginning of an uncomfortable conversation.

Zeynep was intrigued. "What's rule one?" she asked, genuine curiosity in her voice.

My guard went up instantly. "Huh? Oh, just some silly hometown thing. It's a superstition." I lied. Maybe I'm a bad liar, or maybe Zeynep is just as smart as I said.

"Your step mom isn't superstitious," she said.

"What? You're crazy. How do you know that?" I was already on the back foot after two exchanges and already knew where this was going.

"We talk when you're at class or work. She calls to talk to me." She waggled her eyebrows, "She said she likes me better than you." I gawped at her and she shrugged, "I'm not surprised. You snore."

Sensing a chance to completely change topic, I grabbed at it with all I had, "What do you mean she calls you when I'm not here? On purpose!"

Zeynep grinned. I loved that grin. "Yes, she does. I talked to her about my father, who is extremely superstitious. I heard him whispering that I would get accepted to an American college forty times the night I sent my applications out, he always carries a black cloth because of the black cat that lives nearby, and he has never, in his entire life, entered a house with his left foot. And that necklace you love when I wear it naked." She raised her dark eyebrows, "it's supposed to protect against the evil eye!" She staggered forward, arms out, her voice warbling with mock horror. Her moaning ended in giggles.

"Why didn't she tell me?" I stammered, "Why didn't you tell me you'd been talking to Neveah?"

Zeynep smiled and shrugged in that arrogant way she did. "Why are you trying not to tell me about your towns rules?" My breath whooshed out.

"I don't really want to talk about it babe." I said, shyly looking away. "It's uncomfortable."

She put a hand on my chest and said my name in a tone that rattled down my spine, "You have nothing to fear from me, Gozlerim."

I sank onto my bunk, and Zeynep descended beside me. "You're going to think I'm crazy." I said, deflating.

"Maybe," she said, "but then I will love a crazy man."

With a deep break I recounted to her the rules of my town and the different things I knew happened to people who break them. I started slow and spared her the details I haven't spared here, the gory ones or the sickliness I felt witnessing them. That's not to say I spared her the full danger of breaking them, I just didn't make it sound gross.

When I stopped talking, rambling like I do here sometimes, she stared at me in silence for a long time. Then she put her arms around me and hugged me. Not the sensual hug she used when she was aroused or the sad hug she'd give me when Duke called to tell me they'd put down my old dog. Just a solid hug, one that implied a lending of stability and strength. I cried, I think, although I don't remember crying, just tears running down my cheeks as I was able to stop holding in my hometown's weighty problems.

"We will visit your hometown, together, next summer." she said. I tried to jerk out of her hug, but she held me tight. She was an accomplished soft baller and enjoyed boxing (yes, I hit my girlfriend, but it was ok because she dropped her guard). "No no," she said, as I began to protest, "I will go with you and we will follow the rules. I will follow the rules." Her eyes locked on mine. Beautiful eyes of rich brown flecked with golden hues.

"I don't want you to. You'll get hurt. That town kills the soul."

"Neveah and Duke have missed you so much. She can't leave the bar unmanaged and Duke. She says Duke can't be trusted to drive long distances without spacing out. Family is important and we're going to visit yours." Her voice was strung like a steel cable, flexing without giving an inch. "And next year you can visit my family. We have all sorts of rules and one of them is very definitely 'don't marry a white American boy.' It will be fun!"

I laugh cried for a while and Zeynep just held me until I relented.

I kept hoping she might forget by next summer, or maybe we'd be broken up by then, or maybe she'd just find the idea of rural nowhere Ohio uninteresting. Unfortunately, for her, she did not forget. Her conversations with Neveah became more common, happening once a week. Neveah had been extremely gun shy about the idea at first, until Zeynep admitted I'd talked about the rules. She then comforted my step mother with the knowledge that she was a firm believer in the supernatural, discussing when she fought off a kara-basty that had been torturing her sister with wicked dreams and crushing the life from her as she slept. Or when she learned to guard her village's historic 13th century Ottoman well frequented by visitors. Within was a chesma iyasi that tempted children into climbing in and drowning. She ignored the creatures soothing calls while catching little tourist kids who tried to climb up it.

In time Neveah, Duke, and Zeynep were all on board with the visit, leaving me the only one with reticence. By the end of the semester my grades were suffering as I tried to cope with the stress of taking her to that town. This town. I finished with my lowest grades yet and forcing that fifth bank-draining semester. However, Zeynep was thrilled.

"You remember the bells for rule one, yes?" I asked nervously in my 1990 GMC Sierra, rolling down an state route towards town. "Closed at 8:09 and open at 8:26."

"Check." was all she said, a look of calm and ease about her.

"Don't even look up from noon to 1:30, okay? I know you have to look at the second sun but if you look up your eye will probably be drawn to it."

"Check." again

"Birds, don't even look at birds. Close your eyes if you have to." I thought for a second. "It's polite to call out a bird if one flies into your view. Just turn around and call out bird. Everyone will appreciate that."

"Check."

"And remember the-"

"I remember Gozlerim. I remember. I promise I won't break a rule."

"I know, I know. I just worry about you. Besides, you're already going to stick out like a sore thumb. Our town is probably better than most about foreigners but there's always a few pricks." I glanced at her, in the passenger seat, window down and palm flat outside gliding up and down with the air current. "And watch out for Jed Kirklich. He hates anyone who looks middle eastern. He'll probably start shouting Al'Queda at you." She was so beautiful in that moment. I wish I'd taken a picture. Cell phone cameras were sort of new and I hadn't bought one. No cell reception in the country, wouldn't have been worth it. Sun gleaming off her dark hair and relaxed smile.

I stopped well outside the rules zone at 7:45. "We don't have to go you know. Neveah will understand. Duke'll probably forget you were coming at all in a week. We could turn around and get a hotel in Cincinnati. It'd be cheaper in Dayton but you're worth the best I could buy (that wasn't a whole lot, but I didn't say it). We wouldn't have to get dressed all summer, you and me."

"I know your scared," she put her hand on my arm, "but I promise I will follow the rules." She leaned awkwardly across the center console and kissed me lightly. "Look, I even set an alarm on my phone." I glanced at the screen, confirming her statement as fact. I relented and took her into town. The phone started beeping at 8:05 and the 8:10 bell rang at 8:08. I stopped the truck, held her hand, and closed my eyes. We talked, but I spent most of my time warning her to keep her eyes closed. It felt like forever, but she did it. At 8:26 the bell rang and I opened my eyes, tracking over her face to be sure it was true. Both eyes were there and she smiled at me.

Dinner with Neveah and Duke went well. To this day Neveah laughs and says she'd trade me for Zeynep any day. Duke was in rare form, he even got out his guitar and sang some western songs and even a jazz number her learned just for Neveah. I was incredibly hopeful. I'd be lying if I said I didn't see a long term future with her and children and a house far away from this place. I was setting her up in the bathroom with her toothpaste and hair care accessories and whatnot. Giving her little kisses. I held her hand as the 8:08 bell rang and we closed our eyes. I didn't feel the awful suffocating fear I did in the truck. The 8:26 bell rang and I looked at her in the mirror. She smiled back and winked, making a deeply sensual face.

I turned to her, eager to make my advance, when I saw her face was not sensual but shocked. Mouth agape at her sultry reflection. My mind raced to shout but I could barely get it out. "Break it! Rule four, break it!" squeaked my voice

"But it's your step mom's," she cried plaintively.

"Break it!" I screamed at her.

She had frozen, staring at her increasingly inaccurate reflection. I snatched up a rock with the number four embossed on it in a glittery gold and swung for the mirror. But it was too late. Mirror Zeynep whipped her forward in the reflection. Zeynep turned and ran as the rock connected. As I turned I saw her, stumble and fall, spinning as she went down. Her eye straining against the connections of its arteries and nerves. Then, as I saw in the glitter of mirror flying past, reflection Zeynep clenched her hand into a brutal fist. Zeynep's eye burst in a gooey crush, like a popped water balloon, and vanished.

I held Zeynep still as Neveah arrived to bandage her face. It took my full farm-boy weight to prevent her from thrashing as Neveah wrapped the cup-bottom and gauze around her broken socket. Duke snapped out of his trance on the couch, looking queerly for a moment before springing for the phone.

The Doc was there in thirty-five minutes, lightning fast for our country town. I rode in the station wagon-ambulance all the way to our ocular surgery ward, pained that I couldn't be in the back with her. As I sat in the waiting room while he and the nurse operated I swore on everything in my life. I'd never break that rule, not after Zeynep. I would be the thing that drove her away, drove her out of my life.

I hate rule four, not in the clinical way I hate rule two but in a deeply personal, spiteful way: If your reflection looks off, break it.
submitted by Dwovar to nosleep [link] [comments]


2020.03.29 19:27 iDvorak 2nd call for 3D printed face shields parts!

Final edit: That's a wrap everyone. Thanks again for your support. I had several hundred donated from you all! We were able to easily hit the state's goal of 15,000 parts. We will now be taking a break to look more into design, need, and other projects.
Edit3: Let's set the drop off cutoff to this Wednesday the 8th. You can go ahead and drop off your parts as soon as you can so I can get to counting & sorting.
Edit2: We have met the initial goal of 10,000 parts across the state. However, the goal has extended to 15,000 parts. I have left the drop box out and feel free to drop off parts whenever you'd like. I will update as soon as I know the next pickup date, but if I had to guess it will be within the next few days. Thanks again!
Edit: A new deadline has been set- the next round of prints will be picked up this Wednesday. I will set up a drop box behind Dougherty Engineering Building. Here is an exact location in google maps. And here are some reference photos- it’s the second door on the back of the building. There is a chance we will have met the goal this Wednesday so please drop off parts if possible. Thanks!
Hello everyone, about a week ago I made a post for donations of 3D printed headbands that are part of face shields for our medical professionals to use. Last week's was a major success- in the area we made some 1200-1500 parts, 60 of which were donated by people here on Reddit.
Tennessee requested 10,000 be made by April 10th. As a result, I'm asking for your help (but it is absolutely not necessary. If you need your printers running for other reasons we will all be okay!).
I want to be clearer this time on printing instructions. Here is a link to the files we are using. I have been working on a stacked version to maximize time, but there is no problem printing singles and restarting prints more often. There are details there on the files as they have varying spacings and tabs between the parts.
As far as material, just about anything will do, but PETG or ABS is preferred. PLA is completely fine as well.
For print settings, all you need to change from "standard" is 3 walls and 10% infill. Layer height can be as large as you can do without failure.
I will do the same procedure as last time for drop-off. I can set a drop box behind Dougherty Engineering Building on campus.
Thank you all again and stay safe!
submitted by iDvorak to Knoxville [link] [comments]


2019.12.17 11:50 jconl BHH Recap: Rachel and Becca K’s F4 predictions

Just listened to yesterday's Bachelor Happy Hour podcast where Rachel and Becca share their thoughts on photos and bios of the new contestants. Was going to recap the whole thing, but it’s a lot of content, so I’ve just recapped their F4 picks and a few interesting tidbits.
F4 Predictions @ 1:02:25
Kelsey @ 4:10
Katrina @ 20:15
Hannah Ann @ 36:35
Jasmine @ 41:00
Madison @ 47:52
Other contestants they think will do well:
Contestants they think will struggle in the mansion:
Contestants with red flags:
4 x pageant girls:
3 x flight attendants:
Normal contestants:
submitted by jconl to thebachelor [link] [comments]


2019.12.16 22:58 imissbuddy4u The Bachelor - Pete's Season - Chris Harrison Live Cast Announcement Transcribed

"Don't worry, you won't see any references for the windmill, cockpit, aviation, flying, NONE of it. Oh, wait. I'm being told that's not true. I'm being told we're going to beat those jokes to death, we will drive them into the ground. In true bachelor fashion, hold on tight. And pay attention, I have some spoilers." - Chris Harrison
Alayah
"24 year old, Miss Texas 2019, it's been a while since we've had a pageant girl. *gets one chuckle for the joke* Yeah, that was last season. Um, obviously a year ago we introduced Hannah who was a pageant girl. Um, there you go. She is definitely a part of that world. Maybe one of the wildest rollercoaster ride of the entire season centers around Alayah. Controversy, emotion, something we've never had happen before on this show happens to Alayah. So, definitely someone to watch."
Alexa
"Alexa from Chicago, Illinois. She's a body waxer. First of all, best hair, easily the best hair. Love the do. Uhh, she's a body waxer, showed us something we've never seen before. She has seen things you never want to see ever. She's a bit of a contradiction though. Very reserved, yet incredibly outrageous. She's fun, definitely someone to keep an eye on."
Avonlea
"Uhh, Avonlea. *looks at what dance move she's doing* Wow, she's a robot. Don't hold that against her. Don't hold the pop and lock against Avonlea. I think that's new where we have a graphic like that. We should probably not do that on their behalf. She's from Fort Worth, Texas. Also a first, we've never had a cattle ranchemodel on the show but she's a cattle ranchemodel, more reserved than you might expect. Um, but a women who would dare you to tell her she can't do something."
Courtney
"Courtney is a Florida cosmetologist who appreciates patience and the value of it. Um, remember how I said there might be some aviation refrences, Courtney. Prepare to take off."
Deandra
"Deandra, she's from my home state. She's from Plano, Texas. Home care coordinator. We are pretty Texas heavy this season, I had nothing to do with this, if you watch the show you would know I'm from Dallas. Also Chicago heavy too. This is not your typical Texas girl though. Deandra's father is heavily involved with Nigeria politics which kept her and her 10 siblings moving around a lot in her childhood but still considers Texas her home. Very expressive eyes, facial expressions, something you're going to want to watch this season. *laughs*"
Eunice
"Eunice, I mentioned Chicago. This is Eunice from Chicago. Flight attendant. Um, talk about contradiction. This girl is a flight attendant who does not like to fly, she just likes the lifestyle. Whatever floats your boat, Eunice. Or whatever flies your plane. Um, we've had a lot of instances where girls knew other girls on this show. Eunice is a flight attendant for a certain airline, so is another girl on this season. So pretty interesting. But yeah, we've had that a couple of times where girls come into the mansion knowing each other."
Hannah Ann
"Hannah Ann from Knoxville, Tennessee. A model that actually came to us from Hannah G. So Hannah G, you guys might remember, obviously, from Bachelor in Paradise, got engaged to Dylan in Paradise. Well, she had this great, beautiful, girl, Hannah Ann and gave us another Hannah. Uh, so despite that it seems like Hannah Ann had no idea what was going on. She's very naïve about this whole Bachelor world. For someone who is so naïve and innocent, she ends up in the middle of absolutely everything. Every bit of drama we run into, this was Hannah Ann. But, let me just say this about her, seems sweet, quite, reserved, but girls got a backbone."
Jade
"Jade from Mesa, Arizona. Means table in Spanish. Mesa does, not Jade. You thought those 2 years of Spanish in High School were going to pay off. Another one of our lovely flight attendants. Not the one from Eunice's airline, a different one, just another flight attendant. She's actually working on getting her private pilot's license, so, smart, driven girl, knows what she wants. And will two Pilot's fall in love? We will see."
Jasmine
"Jasmine, another Texas girl. *makes jokes about how Houston and Dallas are rivals* Jasmine is very proud of her Vietnamese background, speaks it fluently and actually uses this night one. She comes out of the limo firing Vietnamese, and when it's translated, it's aggressive. I'll just say it's dirty. Uhh, so, I like her A LOT. Feisty Vietnamese."
Jenna
"Jenna, from New Lenox, Illinois. I don't think we've ever had any body from New Lenox. Bold, funny, Illinois nurse. Comes on strong from the start. Night 1, she actually arrives with another lady. So, I think this might be a first, where she comes in with another lady, then leaves that lady with Peter, so wait until you meet Ashley P. Yeah, I don't think we've actually seen anything quite like it. Utterly ridiculous, but it happens."
Katrina
"Katrina is from Chicago, Illinois. *laughs are her graphic dance move* I don't know who is in charge of the graphic, but I like the graphic upgrade. Speaking of bold entrances, professional dancer for The Chicago Bears, she probably has the best intro into the season maybe. Uh, very aggressive. You know how I talked about Jasmine's intro that was dirty? This one was really dirty. Beautiful and more personality than she knows what to do with. Night 1, you will enjoy Katrina."
Kelley
"Shockingly, from Chicago, Illinois. I'm not sure if we found a lot of great girls or if we just got lazy this season with casting, I feel like we went to Texas and Illinois and went yup, we're good. Umm, she's an attorney, and attorneys usually do real well on our show, take example, Andi Dorfman. Uhh, she's smart, knows how to work the game. Kelley definitely plays the game and uses all the rules, actually, she makes up new rules to find loopholes to her advantage. This part is interesting. Kelley met Peter prior to the taping of the show. This is completely random but they both met in a hotel at separate parties. She knew Peter, he obviously didn't know her, but she went up to him and they met. So, keep an eye on Kelley, pretty interesting story. And it kinda all comes out night 1 when everyone finds out, obviously that they met."
Kelsey
"Kelsey is from Des Moines, Iowa. We apparently went from Illinois to Iowa. But, another pageant girl, she was Miss Iowa and definitely one to watch. One of the most emotional women on the cast. She coined the phrase crying is cool. Hashtag crying is cool. I think Ashley I actually owns the crying is cool, Kelsey, you can't steal that, I'm sorry. Um, wait until you see Champagne gate. Little bit of spoiler alert on this champagne gate 2019, it's unbelievable. You might think to yourself, this might be the most ridiculous thing, how am I watching this, there's no wait you won't want to watch it. It's awesome, you're going to enjoy it."
Kiarra
"From Kennesaw, Georgia. I'm not often impressed by entrances the first night, but when Kiarra came down the driveway, I was really surprised. She really put her life in danger, I'm not joking. This was a dangerous entrance and I'm not even sure if it was legal to have done this to her or have her do this. But she did it and it's damn impressive. She has a nickname, from the girls in the house, Keke. That's going to annoy you eventually, just so you know. I'm just telling you right now, people are going to be like enough with the Keke stuff. There's always a house favorite where everyone likes a girl in the house, she's the house favorite so watch out for Keke. And she's one of Peter's favorites too."
Kylie
"Kylie, from Santa Monica, California, right down the street. Kylie is one of those women who leaves Peter's jaw on the floor straight out of the limo. Um, a little bit from last season, windmill reference. Just don't drink, don't say you're going to take shots every time there's a windmill or aviation reference. Don't do them, because you will die. She set the bar very very high for both of them though with her reference so there you go."
Lauren
"Lauren from Glendale, California, right down the street from where we are. Ambitious, beautiful, self-made, women that was the envy for every single girl on the show night 1. Maybe one of the best night 1 outfits. Came out, and was stunning. So, Lauren was the envy for everyone night 1, she made a statement, in a good way. So there you go, might have to put her on your list for fantasy."
Lexi
"Lexi from New York City but a Florida girl at heart. One of six siblings. Girls with big families this season. Um, left the swampland to do the sex in the city thing in New York, um, smart, charming, clever. Lexi also has a really go entrance on night 1 in a way that really impresses Peter. You know, some of the girls do the crazy thing, aggressive thing, she just did a cool thing and it really drove her way into Peter's heart on that first night. That's Lexi."
Madison
"Madison, she is from Auburn. *looks at her moving graphic* you go girl, yes! That kind of just summed it up right there. Auburn girls don't say roll tide. Listen, we just had a whole season of roll tide, do NOT say that to Madison she is an Auburn Tiger with her dad by the way, who is an assistant coach for Auburn University's basketball team. Madison is the former MVP for her 4 time state champion high school hoops team. Uh, what makes her special? Heart of gold, and she is a recruiter that matched foster parents with children so this is a good girl. Um, SPOILER ALERT. Anyone playing fantasy Bachelor out there, she gets the first 1-on-1 date. I know there's points for everything so there you go, just got you some points. So there you go, first one on one, Madison."
Maurissa
"Maurissa from Atlanta, Georgia. Another Pageant girl, we've gone in really deep with the pageant girls. Maurissa's story is not one you hear often though. This is a great story. She struggled with her body image while doing the teen pageant thing which kind of caused her to, you know, pendulum swing her size and gained almost 80 pounds. But a failed relationship kind of made her look at herself in the mirror and do this whole life change. She's a great, powerful, women. Has a strong message, a wonderful story. So, very excited for you to meet Maurissa, good story."
Megan
"Megan from San Francisco. Did I mention we have some flight attendants? We're really heavy into not only the pilot thing but the flight attendant thing. Peter's a pilot. I don't know if you guys knew that. But uh, she is actually the same airline as Eunice. For those that don't know, Peter's mom was a flight attendant, and Peter's dad was a pilot, and they met, and fell in love, and the rest is history. Peter really does admire his parents and look up to their relationship so will history repeat itself? Will he fall in love with a flight attendant? We will find out, this season of, The Bachelor."
Mykenna
"Mykenna, uh, she is from Langley, British Columbia. Uh, Kaitlyn Bristowe shoutout, Jillian Harris shoutout, we've got some Canadians on this show. Always great, always a little nutty, in a good way. You know I love her, my Canadian. By the way, shout out to our friends in the North. You have always been such a powerful part of Bachelor Nation, thank you very much. Self described, fashion blogger, and (not sure what he says, but something survivor). Who considers her ability to dance with a full glass of wine in her hand and not spill a drop as her greatest talent. This is a girl who I can wrap my heart around. I love that. Definitely wears her heart on her sleeve and that sleeve is on her face. What I mean by that, is I have never seen a women visibly reflect the true agony of being the last rose recipient of the night. Mykenna wears her emotions on her face. Bachelor Nation, watch and enjoy, trust me."
Natasha
"Natasha from New York City. A friend of a friend of a producer on our show, she sent us this New York City event planner and couldn't be more grateful. Love Natasha. Sharp tongue, even sharper wit. Natasha never holds back from using either of those things. Look, you're going to hear this season, it's kind of a reference, Cats and Rats, it's something that has to do with what's going on in the house. Natasha coins this phrase. Remember Cats and Rats, i'll leave it at that. That will get you some points. Cats and Rats comes from her."
Payton
"Payton from Wellesley, Massachusetts. Windmill reference alert. She is the life of every party, Payton is the type of women that walks into a place, a bar, whatever, with no friends, but walks out with a hundred new friends. So she makes a presence right out of the limo. Interesting story, she grew up in Ohio with 4 other siblings but through facebook, recently just found out she has a 5th sibling. That has nothing to do with the show at all, I just think that's an incredible story. Cool life story."
Sarah
"Sarah from Knoxville, Tennessee. This girl is a fan favorite from the start. *crowd laughs* I feel like I should let them finish their dance. A fan favorite from the start, with a heart of gold to match her classic beauty. Medical Radiographer, smart girl, and easily the best chef in the mansion. She was making these amazing meals for 30 people which is a great way to endear yourself in the house. A house favorite, but also, a favorite of Peter so watch out."
Savannah
"Savannah from Houston, Texas. Another Texas girl on the show. I talked about bold limo entrances in the house, Savannah's was bolder. SPOILER ALERT for all you fantasy people out there. Do you get points for first kiss? You're welcome. I'm not gonna say she gets it but that's who I would bet on. She danced and cheered professionally on the MLB team that won the last few world series but she did not cheat though, she was not involved in that cheating scandal. I will tell you the team was Astros. Still bitter cause I'm a Rangers guy, and sports."
Shiann (pronounced She-Ann)
"Shiann is from Vegas. Shiann may be a favorite of the entire crew. We are not immune to having our favorites as well but she is just one that came right out the limo, and you will understand why because she kind of has a nickname coming out of the limo. I don't want to ruin it because it has this whole story behind it. But she's a fan favorite, she's gonna be, she's a crew favorite. Um, will she be one of Peter's favorites?"
Sydney
"Sydney from Birmingham, Alabama. Talk about a surprise. Sydney walked in Sweet, soft spoken, from the same high school as Hannah Brown by the way. Uh, yeah they went to the same school together, from Birmingham, but it wasn't soon that Sydney would say anything, so anything that was on your mind, you know, the bubble in your mind that says oh, that's probably not appropriate or the right thing to say, Sydney says it. So you're going to love her. She's that girl. A certain Bachelor I also know, says she's one of the best kissers of the group. Watch out for Sydney."
Tammy
"Tammy from Syracuse, New York. She's a house flipper up there in Syracuse, um, pretty amazing women. She might be my favorite story of the year. She has 6 jobs, she is more of the symbol of the American dream than anyone I know. We've had some great stories over the years but Tammy's really is good. She comes from a hardworking family that immigrated during the Vietnam war and encouraged Tammy to go after what she wanted. In high school, she wanted to wrestle, so she went out for the wrestling team, the boys wrestling team, they told her no. So Tammy just kept showing up, wouldn't quit, and made the wrestling team. And by the way she went 7-1 for her wrestling matches against the boys. So, badass, strong women, American dream, the kind of women you just love to showcase and is a big bright spotlight on the show. You go Tammy, can't wait to introduce you to the rest of the world."
Victoria F
“Victoria F is from Virginia Beach. So forget about all the superlatives I did for all the other women this entire season, Victoria F is the most, everything. Passionate would be an understatement. And on top of the passion, I’m not sure I’ve seen a women on this show go as much as what Victoria went through on the show. She goes through everything. Everything you could go through, she goes through on this show. And everything that happened, it was kind of a bachelor first. It was really bizarre. It was kinda like in a weird way, watching Forrest Gump and I know that’s a weird analogy but you’re like wow, he’s in the Vietnam war, wow he started a bubba gump shrimp, and wow he’s on the moon, and met the president. So all that, but in a crazy way. That was Victoria F. I probably shouldn’t deem her the Forrest Gump of the show, that’s not really fair but hopefully you get what I mean. I could get in trouble for that one.”
Victoria P
“Victoria P from Alexandria, a nurse in Louisiana who has been through a lot. After losing her father at a young age and was forced to raise her sister while her mom was struggling with addiction while trying to cope. Umm, so, strong, independent, amazing women. We have a lot of these women that come into the season with a great stories. True American stories or strength and determination, things they have overcome. And I believe, not to pay ourselves on the back, but we do a really great job shining a light on that. We have a really great time but also show we have some bad ass women in this group. Uhh, but she’s quick with her emotions and quick with the L word this season.”
submitted by imissbuddy4u to thebachelor [link] [comments]


2019.11.15 01:45 lisagreenhouse Two little boys, both named Dennis, disappeared from national parks in the late 1960s. Where are Dennis Johnson and Dennis Martin?

The Case of Dennis Johnson
Dennis Eugene Johnson was only 8 years old when he disappeared during a family trip to Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming on April 12, 1966.
The family, visiting from Inyokern, California, was camping at the national park. Johnson, his mother, father, and sister were picnicking at the Cascade Picnic Area just north of Canyon Junction when he disappeared around 1:30 p.m.
Johnson’s younger sister had wandered away from the picnic area and Johnson and his father went to find her. According to one report, Johnson was the one to alert his parents that his sister was lost. Johnson and his father split up to find the little girl—his father said that he’d been taught basic wilderness survival skills and had outdoor experience from going on hunting trips, so he wasn’t concerned about letting Johnson search alone.
His little sister was found, but Johnson never returned to camp.
Johnson’s family and park rangers participated in an extensive search of the camp and surrounding areas for the next two weeks, but no sign of the little boy was ever found. Reportedly, searchers weren’t even able to locate any footprints or trackable trail.
While most people believe that he simply got lost or injured and succumbed to the wilderness, there is a chance he was picked up by a passing vehicle.
At the time of his disappearance in 1966, Johnson was 8 years old, 3’8” tall, and weighed 60 pounds. He was a Caucasian male with dark blond hair and brown eyes. He had a six-inch long scar across his stomach running through his belly button. He was last seen wearing a dark red or magenta long-sleeved shirt, tan Levi's, and size 8 laced moccasin-type leather hiking boots with crepe rubber soles. His family called him Denny. If he is alive today, he’d be about 61 years old.

The Case of Dennis Martin
Dennis Lloyd Martin was 6 years old when he disappeared on June 14, 1969 from Great Smoky Mountains National Park in Tennessee.
Martin and his father, grandfather, older brother and two cousins were visiting the park for their family’s traditional camping trip; they lived in Knoxville, Tennessee. On the first day of their visit, the group hiked about 10 miles; the next day they hiked again, this time to Spence Field, and set up camp.
Martin, his brother, and other children the family had just met were playing hide and seek in Spence Field in a park area near where the Appalachian Trail bisects the park. Sometime between 2 and 4 p.m., Martin went behind a bush to hide with the intention of surprising the other children as they passed by and didn’t come out. His father went to look for him after about five minutes had passed, but Martin was gone. He was never seen again.
Immediately, Martin’s father ran about two miles down the trail, but he could find no evidence of Martin having been there. He turned back when he thought he’d gone farther than Martin could have traveled in the time he’d been missing. After a few hours of searching, the family called park rangers for help. According to Wikipedia, “The area where Martin disappeared is marked by steep slopes and ravines. Wild animals… inhabit the area.”
More than 1,400 people came out to search for Martin over 56 square miles, making his search party the largest ever recorded in the park. However, a storm went through the area the evening he went missing, dropping nearly three inches of rain, washing out trails and flooding streams. It’s believed the heavy rains scattered any trace of the boy. That night, the temperature dropped to about 50 degrees. The next day, heavy mist and fog blanketed the area, making the search even more difficult. Footprints found near were Martin was last seen were said by park officials to belong to a boy who participated in the search, but the tracks showed that one foot was barefoot, leading some to believe the prints belonged to Martin, as none of the boys who were helping search had been in that area and none had been barefoot. One of Martin’s shoes and a single sock were found, but nothing else was recovered.
The search officially ended on June 29, 15 days after Martin was last seen. His father offered a reward for information, but no one came forward.
In 1985, 16 years after Martin disappeared, a ginseng hunter in the park told law enforcement that he believed he’d found the bones of a child in the Big Hollow area of Tremont, Tennessee, approximately 4 miles from where Martin was last seen (map in Resources section below). He claimed to have seen the remains years before but was afraid he’d be suspected of harming the child, so he didn’t come forward with the information until much later. The area he pointed out to investigators was searched, but nothing was found.
Most people, including investigators and park officials, believe that Martin was lost and died in the park from exposure to the weather or another cause. Others think he may have been attacked by a wild animal and killed. Martin’s father and others believe that he could have been kidnapped. The afternoon Martin disappeared, another park visitor reported hearing a scream and seeing a man carrying a red bundle over his shoulder. Martin was wearing a red shirt at the time he was last seen. However, that report was several miles from where Dennis’ family was camping. Still, believers of the kidnapping story say that the report came a while after Martin was last seen by his father, and think it’s possible the sighting was of Martin being abducted.
At the time of his disappearance, Dennis Martin was 6 years old, approximately 4 feet tall, and weighed about 55 pounds. He is a Causasian male with dark brown hair and brown eyes. His hair is wavy, and he has long eyelashes. One of his front teeth was missing. He was last seen wearing a red t-shirt, dark green hiking shorts, white socks, and black low-cut oxford shoes. He had a learning disability that caused his mental age to be about 6 months behind his actual age. His father described him as “husky” and said he liked to hike and camp; he wasn’t afraid of the wilderness. If alive today, he’d be 57 years old.

Discussion
What do you think happened to Dennis Johnson and Dennis Martin? There’s absolutely no reason to think the cases are related, but I paired them because the dates and names were similar, and I’ve always conflated the two cases in my mind.
I think it’s likely that the boys each became lost and succumbed to the wilderness, but national parks are well-traveled areas, and it wouldn’t be outside the realm of possibility to think that a predator could take advantage of a lone child.
I’d love to hear your theories and other items related to either or both of these cases. Thanks for reading.

Resources
Dennis Johnson’s Charley Project profile: http://charleyproject.org/case/dennis-eugene-johnson
Dennis Martin’s Charley Project profile: http://charleyproject.org/case/dennis-lloyd-martin
Dennis Martin’s Wikipedia page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disappearance_of_Dennis_Martin
Listverse article about children lost in the wilderness; Dennis Johnson is #4, Dennis Martin is #7: https://listverse.com/2017/06/02/10-tales-of-children-lost-in-the-wilderness/
Dennis Johnson: Map of last-known whereabouts: https://naturalatlas.com/picnic-areas/cascade-1933701
Dennis Martin: Map of last-known whereabouts and area where bones were reported: https://www.google.com/maps/diSpence+Field,+Great+Smoky+Mountains+National+Park,+Forneys+Creek,+NC/Big+Hollow,+Tennessee+37882/@35.6021149,-83.8280651,11z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m14!4m13!1m5!1m1!1s0x885eb03a3c3df563:0x6716f2c38cc0f7c7!2m2!1d-83.7321163!2d35.5625892!1m5!1m1!1s0x885eae816736de81:0x9288bad60a4dd4bd!2m2!1d-83.681281!2d35.6239787!3e2
Dennis Martin: Information about and maps and photos of Spence Field, where he was last seen: http://www.hikinginthesmokys.com/spence.htm
submitted by lisagreenhouse to UnresolvedMysteries [link] [comments]


2019.10.16 06:00 assessment_bot [ Fatal(2) ] [ 10/04/2019 ] PIPER PA28, Asheboro/ NC

On October 4, 2019, about 2033 eastern daylight time, a Piper PA-28-180, N2FB, was destroyed following a collision with terrain at Asheboro, North Carolina. The private pilot and a student pilot-rated passenger were fatally injured. The airplane was registered to the pilot and was operated under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a personal flight. Night, visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan was filed. The flight originated at Knoxville Downtown Island Airport (DKX), Knoxville, Tennessee about 1830 and was destined for Asheboro Regional Airport (HBI), Asheboro, North Carolina.
Earlier in the day, the accident pilot flew as a passenger in N2FB to DKX to purchase another PA-28. Once the transaction was completed, one of the passengers, who was a rated pilot, flew the newly acquired airplane to HBI. The accident pilot and the student pilot-rated passenger departed DKX about 30 minutes later; the accident pilot was seated in the left seat. The seller of the PA-28 reported that the accident pilot, prior to departure, made a remark about being tired, and that his passenger needed to be "on his game."
The pilot of the purchased PA-28 arrived at HBI and waited for the arrival of N2FB. He heard the pilot call in on the airport common traffic advisory frequency and announce his intentions to overfly the field from west to east and enter a left downwind for runway 21. He observed the airplane overfly the field from west to east and appear to turn left and disappear behind some trees. He also reported that dark, night conditions prevailed. After the airplane did not arrive, a search was initiated.
Preliminary radar data provided by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) revealed that a 1200 transponder coded radar target correlated to be the accident airplane arrived overhead HBI about 2029 from the west to the east before turning southbound (right). The airplane made a right 360 turn about 2 miles south of runway 3 before resuming a southwesterly heading. The last target was at 2032:55 over the area of the crash site. Witnesses reported that the airplane circled over the local high school where a football game was in progress. The airplane then entered a steep, nose down descent and the engine continued to run at high speed during the descent.
The airplane crashed in a wooded area about 2 miles south-southeast of HBI. The initial point of impact was an 80-foot-tall oak tree, and a large section of the right wing remained lodged near the top of the tree. The main wreckage was located about 75 ft east of the initial impact point. The wings and fuselage were highly fragmented. There was no fire. The engine was separated from the airframe during ground impact. Flight control continuity was confirmed from the cockpit area to the flight control surfaces.
The accident pilot, who owned the airplane, held a private pilot certificate with a rating for airplane single engine land. His pilot logbook was recovered from the wreckage. A review of his flight time revealed that he had logged a total of 4.6 hours of night time, and no logged night time since 2008. His most recent flight review was completed on January 6, 2016. His most recent FAA medical certificate was issued in June of 2015.
The pilot of the purchased airplane, who also flew N2FB to DKX earlier that day, reported that the vacuum pump on N2FB was not operational and the vacuum instruments were not reliable. The accident pilot was aware of the vacuum problem but did not voice any concerns about flying at night with the condition.
The wreckage was retained for further examination.
Category Data Category Data Category Data
Event Id: 20191005X13313 Investigation Type: Accident Accident Number: ERA20FA002
Event Date: 10/04/2019 Location: Asheboro, NC Country: United States
Latitude: 35.615278 Longitude: -79.882223 Airport Code: HBI
Airport Name: Asheboro Rgnl Injury Severity: Fatal(2) Aircraft Damage: Destroyed
Aircraft Category: Airplane Registration Number: N2FB Make: PIPER
Model: PA28 Amateur Built: No Number of Engines:
Engine Type: Reciprocating FAR Description: Part 91: General Aviation Schedule:
Purpose of Flight: Personal Air Carrier: Total Fatal Injuries: 2
Total Serious Injuries: Total Minor Injuries: Total Uninjured:
Weather Condition: VMC Broad Phase of Flight: APPROACH Report Status: Preliminary
Publication Date: 10/10/2019
http://www.ntsb.gov/_layouts/ntsb.aviation/brief.aspx?ev_id=20191005X13313
submitted by assessment_bot to NTSB_database [link] [comments]


2019.05.24 03:36 shad0ws1ng3r Into the Dark

My name isn't Johnny, but that's what I'll call myself for the purposes of telling you all this. I grew up in a little town called Vonore, Tennessee. For those who haven't heard of it (probably anyone reading this), Vonore is a country town of about 1,500 people, a little less than an hour from Knoxville. I grew up country, about as cliche as you can get. We didn't have movie theaters or bowling alleys; if we wanted to do something fun, we went outside. Most kids in Vonore spent their down time hunting, or fishing, or camping in the mountains around the town. There were bonfire parties- I went to those. But unlike the other kids I knew, instead of hunting or fishing, I had another hobby- spelunking.
For those who don't know, the part of East Tennessee where I grew up is famous for caves. Craighead caverns, which wasn't far from Vonore, has (I think) the world's second biggest underground lake. It's called the Lost Sea. When I was little my family did a tour of the cave, and I was hooked. The idea of a whole other world underground fascinated me. I used to beg my parents to take trips to the various caves in the area, and when they got tired of it I began going myself. Before long I'd done all the tours and I started doing some exploring. I read up on amateur spelunking and started going hiking, looking for small caves to explore by myself. I must've crawled through dozens of miles of underground passageways. I got pretty good at it- and I started getting reckless. Once, after leaving early in the morning the summer before my junior year of high school, I got lost, and stumbled home at five the next morning, bruised and filthy and exhausted. My mother had had the cops out all night looking for me. I arrived home to see her sobbing on the porch, and then endured what must've been a few hours of angry "Where were you"s before being grounded from spelunking for the rest of the summer. When my junior year ended and the next summer rolled around, I approached my mother about caving again, and after some convincing she agreed, provided I never went alone. That's where my story begins.
The first weekend of the summer, there was a bonfire. All the kids in the town went. I'd always been a bit nervous, but after a few drinks I started asking around to see if anyone wanted to explore caves with me. The looks I got ranged from mocking to openly scornful. A few kids, however, took an interest. I took down their numbers and spent the rest of the night drinking and hitting on girls, and woke up with a vicious hangover. A few days later, though, I felt that familiar itch and remembered the names I'd written down, and I called them one by one. There were half a dozen names on my list, and two of them agreed to go with me the next day: Sam, a popular kid I'd hardly spoken with before (and who I found out later agreed on a dare) and Mary, a quiet, tomboyish girl who I remembered had been the one I'd hit on at the party. I told my mother I'd found two kids to go caving with, and she agreed as long as I was "careful". I would be, I promised, and I was. But it didn't matter.
The next day I met up with Mary and Sam at the local diner, and we all made sure we had our gear. I'd brought enough rope and harnesses for all three of us, and hard hats, to which Sam protested but relented after I showed him pictures of some head injuries of spelunkers to freak him out. We took Sam's car and drove up a little ways into the mountains and began hiking to a little cave I knew. Sam and I talked about what our plans were for the summer while Mary sat in the back seat, quiet. Once we made the short hike up to the cave, I made sure everyone had their gear on right and we squeezed through a man-sized hole between two trees that was covered with moss.
Immediately I felt the heat of the sun disappear from my back, and the familiar coolness of the underground. I looked over at Mary- she was beaming. Sam looked nervous. We turned our flashlights on and hunched over, and began walking down the narrow tunnel. My plan was to take the two of them to an underground stream I knew, hang out for a bit and leave. Just enough to get my caving fix. After about half an hour of walking, crawling, and squeezing through one narrow hole, we stepped out into a broad cavern that could've easily sat six people. I pulled the lantern out of my pack and the place lit up like the daytime. It was just how I remembered it- the floor was a slab of solid limestone which gave way to pebbles, which gave way to a small stream, no more than half a stride across. On the other side of the stream was a solid rock wall, and the ceiling sloped so that the closer to the stream you got, the lower it was. The wall was covered with what looked like Indian markings. We'd all brought sandwiches and we sat down on the rocks to eat lunch. Sam started nervously cracking jokes, talking about some monster he'd heard of that lived down there- if you've ever lived in the Appalachians, every mountain has its own urban legend. They're all bogus. But as Sam told his jokes, he kept glancing nervously at the black hole where the stream disappeared into the mountain. I could tell he was uncomfortable. Mary, however, was definitely not. As Sam and I sat and ate our lunch, she was walking around the cavern, snapping pictures of the cave and the paintings with her camera in between bites of her sandwich. Just as Sam and I were about to get ready to go back, she called out to us. "Guys, look, over here!"
Sam and I looked to where she was pointing, and saw a small gap in the rock on the other side of the stream, just big enough for a person to crawl through. "What's on the other side, Johnny?" I called back that I didn't know. Oddly enough, I'd never noticed it before. "Let's go explore!", Mary said. She looked more excited than I'd ever seen her, so I nodded and began to pack up my things when Sam suddenly said "Dude, I have to admit, this place creeps me out. Y'all can go deeper if you want, but I'm going back. I'll wait for you." I nodded and gave him my map- I already had the whole place mapped out in my head and I didn't need it. "You can just go", Mary said, "When we're done I'll call my sister to pick us up. Be careful!" Sam gestured his forehead at Mary and shot me a look, and I knew what he meant. I rolled my eyes. I remember that, because it was the last time I could look at Sam in a joking way. We parted ways and Sam left the cavern.
I looked at Mary. "You sure you want to do this? That looks pretty narrow." She grinned and joked about how we'd have to squeeze together, and I gave her a serious look. "This isn't a joke. I'm pretty sure I can make it, but you're new to this. Are you sure you want to try?" She did, and so we climbed into the hole. It was a tight fit. I went first, to show Mary how, and she went in behind me. I shined my flashlight ahead and saw a long, narrow tunnel, and grimaced. We'd have to crawl. I checked with Mary to make sure she was ok with crawling for awhile and we started down the tunnel. It sloped slightly downwards and twisted and turned, but there weren't any offshoots. Good, I thought, we can find our way back. The tunnel was low, sometimes high enough to sit up but sometimes so small you almost had to army crawl, and it just kept going. On, and on, and on. We crawled for what seemed like an hour. I kept checking with Mary to see if she wanted to keep going, and she did. Finally, I shined my flashlight down the tunnel and saw space ahead. Crawling a little closer, I saw that the tunnel came out into a cavern, much like the one we'd eaten lunch in but at least twice as big. There were Indian markings here, too, and I marveled that they had gone so far inside the mountains to make their mark. Mary climbed out of the tunnel and started taking pictures again. "This is amazing!", she said. I nodded. I'd seen paintings like this a hundred times, although never this far into a cave. They'd lost their effect on me.
I checked my watch. It was almost 2:00 pm. "We should be getting back", I said. Mary nodded, saying she just wanted to snap a few more pictures. I remembered she was the editor of the school yearbook.
Suddenly, we heard a crack. Mary screamed, and I whipped around to see what had happened. The ceiling hadn't fallen in. It was much worse- the tunnel we'd come through had given way and collapsed. We were trapped. Mary stood there in shock for a few seconds and then started screaming, the noise of it echoing to a deafening volume in the chamber. I ran over and hugged her from behind to calm her down, and pointed to the end of the cavern, just visible at the edge of the lantern's light. There was a way out, I said. It's going to be alright. Mary sat there crying for a good while. At the time, I was annoyed; looking back on it, I can't imagine how terrified she must've been. When she finally calmed down, I took her head in my hands and explained the situation. "Listen" I said, "this isn't the first time that this has happened to me." I was lying. "See that stream?" She nodded. "That tunnel follows the stream. That stream goes out of the mountain somewhere. It might take a little longer, but we'll get back. I promise. We just have to be calm."
She nodded, and we stood up, dusted ourselves off and headed into the tunnel. Mary walked behind me, her hand nervously on my shoulder. We walked for a while before I realized something was off about the passageway. I stopped, and Mary bumped into me as I shined my light around the tunnel. My eyes hadn't been playing tricks on me. The first part of the cave, that we'd done with Sam, and the collapsed tunnel had been like most caves- rough, jagged, formed by the earth. But this tunnel was different. I shined my light up at the ceiling and heard Mary gasp as she saw what I did- it was curved. Perfectly curved, peaking about six inches over my head, like it had been carved. I shined the light down at the wall- it was uniformly, unnaturally flat and smooth. And then I shined my light at my feet and saw the ground was the exact same. Flat. Like a pathway had been laid there. What. The. Fuck. And the tunnel continued onward as far as my flashlight could see.
I turned around to Mary, and she was smiling. She looked relieved. "This must be an old mine! It's the way out!" Maybe, I said. But I knew it wasn't. There were mines here, sure, but they always stayed away from underground streams because they weakened the tunnels. But there was nothing else to do, so we kept walking. Mary was talking excitedly now about how she'd have a story to tell her friends, laughing in relief, fighting to be heard above the stream- which, I'd noticed, had grown stronger and stronger. But after hours and hours of walking, and no sign of the surface, no connecting tunnels, I noticed an alcove in the wall, far enough from the stream to lessen the pounding into a dull roar, checked my watch, and stopped dead. It was past midnight. We'd been walking for over ten hours. I turned around to Mary, who had long since fallen silent. She looked tired. Exhausted. "I have a tent in my bag. We can pitch it over there" -I gestured to the alcove- " and start again in the morning. There's no point in walking when we're this tired. We might fall into the river." At this point, that was a real danger. What had been a shallow stream, no more than a foot across, had become a tidal wave of rushing water, black as night, wide and deep enough to fish had we been at the surface. Mary nodded. "Alright." I walked over and began setting up the tent, with Mary pacing back and forth nervously by the river. When I was about done, she walked over. "Johnny?"
"Yeah?"
"Are we gonna get out of here? Do you think this is even a mine? Be honest with me, I won't be mad. It's not your fault."
I looked back at her and took a deep breath. "No, I don't think this is a mine."
"Are we going to find our way out?"
"To be honest, I don't know. I hope so. But I truly, honestly don't know. This tunnel isn't natural, it doesn't make sense. It was made by somebody. It had to be. But it could just as easily have caved in since it was built, just like that tunnel before. I'm so sorry, Mary... I.. I don't even know what to say."
"It's not your fault." She walked over to the tent. I had a heat bar set up inside and we were both freezing.
We climbed into the tent and I zipped it shut. Just as I was about to lay down, I heard Mary pull something out of her pack. It was a bottle of whiskey. "I was going to invite you to a party later. There was another bonfire tonight.. but I don't want to carry this tomorrow. It's too heavy. And if this is my last night alive, and I'm going to die in a cave, I'm getting drunk. Do you want some?"
"Mary, don't talk like that. We're gonna get out of here." There was an edge to her voice that scared me. I'd read about spelunkers that got lost and were rescued, how they described the sense of hopelessness they felt trapped underground. I imagine this was what they sounded like. I figured whiskey was as good a way as any to get a person's hopes up- I wasn't showing it, but I was as scared as she was, maybe more. Mary opened the bottle and took a long swig, started to hand it to me, and changed her mind, taking another long drink. This time she did hand the bottle over to me. "Do you want some or not?"
I took the bottle and tipped it up, then wiped my mouth and handed it back to her, feeling the liquor warm my stomach from the cold. She took it, swaying as she did so. "We should play a game. How about 20 questions?" She slurred the words as she said them, and I realized that she was already a bit drunk. I was too. We were both dehydrated, and that made it easier. We passed the bottle back and forth, question after question, until there was only a little left. She offered it to me. "You need it more than I do", I said. She drained the last of the whiskey and put the empty bottle down in the corner of the tent. Suddenly I felt her hand on my arm. "You're cute", she said. I looked up and smiled sheepishly, drunk enough to forget about the fact that we were lost in a cave. Suddenly, she leaned in towards me and I could smell the whiskey on her breath.
"If this is my last night alive, I'm not spending it alone." She kissed me and we fell on top of each other in a drunken heap. The next thing I remember is waking up.
The first thing I remember after I woke up was a pounding headache. It came at me in waves. Then I remembered that not all of it was coming from me- that there was a river. And then it hit me. We were stuck in a cave. Trapped. I looked down next to me and I saw Mary, and I realized she had no clothes on. And neither did I. And we're under the same blanket. Then I looked over to the corner of the tent and saw the empty bottle of whiskey. Oh god. I looked down at Mary again and I realized for the first time how beautiful she was. She wasn't a beauty queen, or a cheerleader, but she had a raw, natural beauty that struck me and fought back against the hopelessness of our situation. I ran my fingers through her auburn hair. In that moment, I swore to myself that no matter what happened, I would get her out of that place. "Mary. Wake up." Her eyes slowly opened, still half asleep. She had brown eyes. I hadn't noticed that before.
Suddenly she sat up straight and pulled the blanket around her. She looked down at herself, then up at me. "Oh god.... did we..."
"I think so."
"We drank all the whiskey... We must have. Oh my god, I'm so sorry!"
"Don't be. We need to get ready. We need to get out of here. Get dressed, I'll go get some water." I checked my bag, and silently thanked God that I had my little water purifier. I walked over to the river, and pulled some water into the little container. Before I purified it, I smelled it and immediately recoiled. Something wasn't right with it. It wasn't that it smelled contaminated, or dangerous, but there was an overpowering smell like nothing I'd ever experienced. Like old leather, but rotten. But after the purifier was done, I sniffed it again and the smell was gone. We stayed at the alcove long enough to pack everything back up and fill our water bottles. "Wait!" Mary was motioning towards the empty whisky bottle. "Leave it", I said.
"No, if we don't make it out of here, someone might come through here. I want them to know." She tore the label off the bottle and took out a pen, and we wrote our names, phone numbers and next of kin. Like you do in the army, I thought. That was when it really hit me. We might not make it out of here. We left the bottle where we'd camped and started down the tunnel again. It seemed to go on forever. Every now and then, there were more Indian paintings on the walls, and with nothing else to do I started looking at them more closely. They weren't like the ones I'd seen before, the ones in the cavern with Sam that seemed a lifetime away. There were no animals, no hunting scenes, always the same thing. Every time, repeated over and over. Men, on horseback with bows and long hair. Those were obvious enough- they were Indians. It was the rest of it that unnerved me. The Indians, on foot or on horseback, were chasing men. Then the men being chased were falling into a hole, down, down, down, in freefall. But the men at the bottom of the hole didn't look the same. They were hunched, shorter. And they had huge black eyes. I shuddered, and pulled my coat around me tighter. We needed to get out of here.
Suddenly, I heard Mary scream, and a split second later I felt a weight fall on top of me, then scratching, clawing, and a shriek like an animal. I fought back. I grabbed the thing, whatever it was, by the neck but it wriggled out of my grasp. I stumbled, nearly falling into the river, managing to grab it by the legs. I grabbed it tight and swung it around, headfirst into the wall. It crumpled, unconscious. I looked at Mary. "Get the rope!" She moved faster than I knew she could, opened her pack and threw me the rope, and I tied the thing's hands and feet together and propped it up against the wall. Mary stood there shaking in terror, and pointed at it.
"Johnny.." her voice was trembling. "What... what the fuck is that?!"
It was a man.
But not like any man I'd ever seen. He- I think it was a he- had a hunchback, but even if he hadn't he couldn't have been more than four and a half feet tall. His skin was pale as milk, the whitest white I've ever seen, and he was covered everywhere but his head- his head was bald- in a thin layer of black hair that against his skin looked like scribbles on a piece of paper. His fingers and toes were long and slender with long, yellowed, filthy nails, and his big toes were muscular and slightly separated from the rest, almost like an ape. He was wearing a shirt made from what could only have been human hair and what looked like fish scales as pale as his skin. I looked at his face and shivered. His mouth was lipless. It looked like a crack had been rent in his face. He had a nose, but it was barely more than a slight protrusion from his face, with slit-like nostrils that looked like two vertical mouths. But the thing that made me jump backwards was his eyes. Even though they were closed in unconsciousness, I could see that they were huge, the size of my palm, so big they deformed the shape of his head. His eyelids were almost opaque. I could see the membranes and his eyes just behind them, rolled back into his head.
I must have shrieked when I jumped, because he began to stir. When his eyes opened, I saw that they were almost all black, with only a sliver of bright, violent blue around pupils the size of an egg. I had to suppress a scream. When I shined my flashlight in his eyes he let out a tortured howl, and when I dropped my light he hissed, a sound that came from the depths of hell. He struggled against the rope but I had tied my knots tight. He wasn't getting away. But what came afterward scared me the most. When the man realized he wasn't going to break free, a strange calm came over him. His pupils had retreated from the light somewhat, revealing irises that looked like a clear blue sky streaked with lightning. He looked up at me and began to speak.
He spoke, but it wasn't any language I'd ever heard; it sounded like the crackling of ice and the hiss of a strangled snake, a harsh, guttural, awful sound. His tongue was long and pointed, and his teeth had been filed to points. His voice rose louder and louder, and though I desperately wanted the sound to stop I knew what he meant, what he must have said: You are trespassers. Get out. You are not welcome here. I raised my foot to kick him, to knock him out, anything to knock him out and leave him here and get out of this nightmare, and I heard Mary scream in pain. I turned around just in time to see something flying through the air at my face and hear the thing I'd tied up laughing. Then everything went black.
I woke up with a throbbing pain in my head. My face felt sticky. I reached up to touch it and realized my nose was broken, and my face was covered in blood. I touched it and yelled in pain. As my vision came into focus I realized I was in a cage. I reached for my flashlight, wondering how I could see, and realized my pack was gone. And not only my pack. I'd been stripped down to my boxers. It was then that I realized that I was cold. Not just "a light chill" cold, either. The bone chilling, immobilizing, freezing kind of cold, the kind that's so cold it physically hurts. I crossed my arms and rubbed my chest, shivering.
The light, I remembered. What was it? I squinted my eyes and could just make out a fire, about twenty feet from the cage. Around it were at least a dozen people who looked like the thing that attacked Mary and I in the tunnel. Hunchbacked, short, grotesque even in the shadow reflected against the flame. Mary! I whipped my head around and immediately regretted it as a searing pain went from my head all the way down my spine. There she was. She was in the cage next to me, still unconscious. She, too, had been stripped of all her outer clothing. I stretched a hand through the bars, shaking from the cold. "Mary", I whispered. She stirred. I heard a guttural hiss from the direction of the fire and turned to see one of the things get up and start towards us, and quickly and quietly laid down and feigned sleep. As I heard the thing get closer, I cracked one eye open and saw the lower half of the body, bow legged and wiry. Its belt had a curved knife that looked as sharp as it was crude and glinted in the distant firelight. I heard the bars rattle and a latch open, and a hand with long, spindly fingers grabbed me by the ankles and began dragging me out of the cage. The thing motioned towards the fire and another figure approached. Mary. They weren't going to take Mary. I tried to spring up, to fight, to do something, anything, but a jolt of pain ran through my entire body so vicious that I fell unconscious.
When I came to a second time, my first realization was that I was no longer cold. That is to say, I was still cold, but not so cold I was in danger of dying. I realized I was sitting by the fire and my hands and feet were tied. I forced my eyes open and looked down at my feet. They were tied with my rope. The same rope I'd used on the thing in the tunnel. My hands, I realized, were not tied, but shackled, by crude, rough handcuffs that bit into my wrist every time I moved. A long, braided piece of metal wire connected them to an identical pair on Mary, who was seated next to me, motionless. Was she dead? Oh god, was she dead? I focused my eyes and could just make out a slight rise and fall of her chest. She was alive.
Something hit my shoulder and I cried out in pain as the handcuffs dug into my skin. The thing that had been sitting on my other side hit me again and hissed, and I looked up at him. In my current state, concussed and injured, he (it was a he; there were women around the fire too, I saw, and I could tell the difference- the women looked like the men, but were more slender, with huge breasts, like they had been breastfeeding a child) looked even more grotesque up close, and I vomited. They laughed. It sounded like a hyena in pain. The man next to me gestured to another in the group, seated on the far side of the fire. He stood up and walked towards me. He looked older than the rest. Not just that, he looked a thousand years old. His skin was deeply wrinkled and hung off of him like a gown, and he walked with a metal staff. He was dressed less primitively than the rest, in a woven tunic braided with what I can only assume was gold. He looked down at me and smiled, and his lips peeled back from his face. His teeth, filed like the rest, were yellow and his gums were black with rot.
"Surface dweller."
I understood him, but only just. It sounded as though his teeth, his tongue, his very being wasn't meant to speak English words. A chill ran down my spine, only exacerbating the pain. I looked up at him and shivered. "What the fuck are you?"
The others laughed again. They couldn't understand me, I realized. They were laughing at the fear in my voice. Then the old one shot them a stern look and they fell silent. The leader, I thought.
"Is your woman alive?"
I nodded.
"Good. This is good. Meat tastes better fresh." He smiled again, and I gaped at him in horror.
"You are to be sacred food. Our women can make only so much. But it would be selfish to keep you for ourselves. There are more of us. And they are hungry. So much meat.."
He licked his lips, his tongue, long and pointed, moist and squirming like a fish. I realized, in horror, that the breasts of the women were so swollen because they WERE breastfeeding. It must be how they survived. I tried to vomit again but only retched, my stomach empty of even bile. I struggled to find the strength to speak a single word.
"Why?"
The old leader looked at me quizzically, as though I should know the answer to my own question, his huge eyes unblinking. He gathered himself and spoke again.
"You are... Trespasser.... Long ago, your kind drove us to dark... They thought it would kill us. But we have survived. And you will not take the dark from us. You will be good meat. To children we will feed the girl."
The others hissed "Trespasserrrrr" and stomped their feet in rhythm. The word sounded even more tortured coming from the others. I wasn't even sure they knew what it meant.
The old one looked down at me, and motioned towards Mary with his staff. "Can shhhe walk?"
I shook my head. "I don't know."
"Thhhenn you will carry her."
It wasn't a suggestion, it was a command. The old one began to turn away as the others began readying themselves to leave. I looked up at the horror I found myself in and mustered the strength to ask one last question. "Wait!" The old one turned back toward me. "How do you speak English?"
The old one didn't just smile, he grinned. His face cracked open literally from ear to ear. And then he laughed. It didn't sound like the others; it was worse. It sounded like paper crackling over nails scraping on a chalkboard. His whole body went into it, his loose skin bouncing with each breath.
"You think we only protect ourselvesss by eating trespasserssss like you?" He laughed again. "Stupid boy. We are always watching your kind. Filthy. Stupid. So selfishhhh.... Sssome who have watched long enough understand your wordsssss... I have watched you for over thhhree hundred of your yearssss... you have grown weak... there are sssso many of you now. Perhaps we will change that ssssoon... there will be a great feasssst."
He cackled so loudly I could hear his bones shake, and so did the others. The one who hit me before picked up Mary like she weighed nothing, his stature belying what must have been formidable strength, and another came over to tie her to my back, her hands around my shoulders and her legs around my waist. Then water was poured over the fire and we began walking. They walked at a brisk pace and I, concussed, injured, and carrying Mary on my back, struggled to keep up. I felt like I was about to collapse from exhaustion. Every time I fell behind, one of them walking behind me cracked my calves with a whip made of cord. I pushed myself harder. If I die of exhaustion, I thought, they will have no fresh meat, and that will be some small victory. We trudged on for what seemed like days. All the tunnels looked the same, like the one by the river, and there was no daylight to say how long we walked. These people, whatever they were, seemed not to need rest, and every time I slowed I felt the whip. I felt blood dripping down my calves to my heels. Besides the crack of the whip, we walked in eery silence. Mary stirred on my back, but I whispered to her to keep quiet. Their feet seemed to make no sound on the stone, and the only sound was the tap tap tap of the old leader's staff as he walked. And there was no light. With their eyes, grotesque as they were, I thought, they didn't need it. So when I saw the faintest glow of light, it lit up my eyes like a torch in the night.
The pace quickened. I could hear water. Not rushing, but lapping against the stone. A lake! If anything, I thought, I could outswim them. As we neared the opening in the tunnel, the pace quickened even more, as fast as they could go without making sound, and I felt the whip over and over again on my legs. Then I saw the opening. There was a lake. I could see its black water stretching off into the darkness. But it wasn't the lake that triggered some last reserve of adrenaline I didn't even know I had. At the far end of the lake I could see a soft glow of light. Electric light or daylight, I didn't care. It meant people. It meant civilization. It meant escape. "Mary! Now!" I screamed, shattering the silence and echoing in the chamber so loudly the others howled in pain. I jumped into the water and Mary launched herself off of my back with enough force to unbind the rope around her feet. They had barely tied the knot.
The water was deep, and it was cold, and it sent my body into even more of a desperate shock than it had already been in. I began to frantically swim, dragging Mary behind me by the chain that connected our handcuffs, kicking furiously at the water as though it, and not these hideous, bow legged, hunchback freaks, was the thing trying to cook my living body over a fire. I heard a splash. One of them had jumped in after us. I didn't look back, and somehow swam even faster. I heard a gargled scream, and then a splash, and then the howling of the others. No more splashes. The one after us had drowned- they couldn't swim! I didn't care. I swam and swam and swam, Mary doing her best, but I could tell she was weak, struggling to even stay conscious. I lost awareness of everything except my feet hitting the water. Right, then left, then right then left. Over and over and over. The freezing, stale water stung my eyes and what was left of my nose, getting into my lungs. I didn't care. I forced myself to breathe. Right, then left, then right, then left. My entire body was on fire.
My head smacked into solid stone, and my legs, still kicking, forced me up onto the bank. I heard screams- the normal, human kind. Mary. I checked on my back- she was breathing, but barely, probably long since unconscious. I looked up and saw a man leaning over me and everything went black.
I don't know how far I swam. When I woke up in the hospital in Knoxville four days later, they told me I'd been rescued at the Lost Sea in Craighead Caverns, chained to a girl. Mary and I had been missing for almost five days, and we both suffered serious injuries. My face was broken in five places, and my nose still doesn't look right. My calves are still scarred, and I needed surgery on my shoulder. I was treated for severe blood loss, shock, head trauma and hypothermia, and they didn't release me from the hospital for almost a month. Mary was worse. They told me she was comatose for three days, and her arm was broken so badly they said it was a miracle she didn't lose it.
But the worst part was when I went back to Vonore. After the first night, when we didn't come back, Sam had shown rescue teams where we'd gone. When they found the cave-in, they sent a blast team and according to Sam they found the cavern and the tunnel with the paintings. He said they sent three rescue teams down there, and none of them came back. But that's not what they reported on the news. Of course, they held candlelight vigils for the rescuers in town, but if you ask about it outside Vonore you'll just hear that two teenagers got lost while cave exploring and miraculously appeared alive at the Lost Sea. The rescuers may as well have just stopped existing. You'd think a story like that would've been all over the news, that Mary and I would've had interviews on television, but by the time we were released from the hospital it had long since been scrubbed from the media. I kept thinking about what the old one had said- that they've been watching us, that they're always watching. Could they have made the entire incident disappear? I don't know, and I don't want to know.
After we recovered, Mary and I started dating. We might as well have, because everyone in town stopped talking to us after that, except for Sam, and even him only when he was alone. Mary started having nightmares, about hunchbacked, hairy men with pointed teeth and giant eyes trying to cook her alive, or kill her in other ways. About a month after we went home, she told me something else- she was pregnant. I thought back to that night, the last night before we were taken, and thought maybe something good could come out of this horror to help us put our lives back together. We were planning to have the baby, to get out of Venore, to go somewhere where we could have some semblance of a normal life. I was planning to propose to her after graduation. But the nightmares kept getting worse and worse. Four months after we washed up on the shore of the Lost Sea, two months into my senior year of high school, Mary killed herself. She hadn't told anyone else about the baby, and when it was on the news they said that that was why she did it. We'd never told anyone what had really happened to us, not even our parents, not even Sam. But when they talked about her death they didn't even mention the fucking cave.
When I graduated I got the hell out of Tennessee as fast as I could. I went as far from mountains as I could think of, and I'm never going back. I live in Omaha now. I live a normal life. I have a house- one with no basement. I have a wife, and kids, and none of them know this story, nor will they ever. But I started having nightmares, the kind Mary used to have, so I thought writing all of this down and putting it out into the world would help ease my guilt. The jury's still out on that.
Needless to say, I never went back underground, and I never will. And I still can't drink whiskey- if I even smell it, I get the worst nausea I've ever felt in my life. If you take one thing from this story, let it be this: for the love of God, don't go into caves. If you can avoid it, don't even get lost in the mountains. Any mountains. For all I know, they're everywhere, those things. They're watching. They're always watching. For the love of God, don't go into the dark.
submitted by shad0ws1ng3r to nosleep [link] [comments]


2019.04.04 16:43 assessment_bot [ Fatal(1) ] [ 03/14/2019 ] Mooney M20C, Cashiers/ NC

On March 14, 2019, at 1815 eastern daylight time, a Mooney M20C, N6075Q, departed controlled flight and collided with mountainous terrain near Cashiers, North Carolina. The commercial pilot was fatally injured and the airplane was destroyed. Day instrument meteorological conditions prevailed, and an instrument flight rules (IFR) flight plan was filed for the personal flight which was conducted under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91. The flight departed Knoxville Downtown Island Airport (DKX), Knoxville, Tennessee, at 1724, and was enroute to Aiken Regional Airport (AIK), Aiken, South Carolina.
Preliminary information obtained from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and a commercial vendor revealed that the pilot obtained a weather briefing the night before the flight. He filed his IFR flight plan through a commercial service on the day of the accident. After departure the airplane was observed on radar climbing and on course to AIK. While in cruise flight the pilot reported to air traffic control that he had "lost his attitude indicator" and was unable to maintain course and attitude. Radar contact and radio communication was lost shortly after.
The pilot, age 59, held a commercial pilot certificate with ratings for airplane single-engine land, and instrument airplane. He held an FAA-issued second-class medical certificate with no limitations. The pilot reported that his flight experience included 1,957.9 total flight hours and 14.8 hours in the last six months on his most-recent medical examination application, dated July 24, 2018. A review of the pilot's logbook revealed that he had accumulated 279 flight hours in actual instrument conditions. The logbook also revealed that from June 2017 to December 2018 the pilot had accumulated 8 flight hours of actual instrument flight time. He recorded 1,662 total hours of experience in the accident airplane make and model.
The airplane was manufactured in 1965. It was powered by a Lycoming O-360-A1D engine rated at 180 horsepower and was equipped with a Hartzell 3-bladed controllable pitch propeller.
The wreckage was located in mountainous, forested terrain in a debris field that was spread out 50 ft in circumference. The tops of the trees immediately surrounding the ground impact site were damaged. The fuselage came to rest inverted with the nose of the airplane pointing down vertically on a 60 heading magnetic at an elevation of 3,892 ft. All major components and control surfaces were accounted for at the accident site. Various parts of the airplane were littered through the treetops and the wreckage debris field. Flight control continuity could not be confirmed due to multiple push/pull tube breaks and fractures. All breaks and fractures exhibited signatures consistent with overload failure.
The cabin sustained crush damage from the firewall through to the empennage. All flight controls were observed in the cockpit and were crushed. All of the cockpit instruments were crushed or destroyed and the dial readings were unreliable. The throttle, mixture, propeller and carburetor heat controls were crushed in the full forward position.
Fragments of scat tubing, engine mounts and engine cowling were located in the soil around the wreckage. The nose wheel landing gear assembly was crushed and observed retracted in the wheel well.
Examination of the right wing revealed that about 5 ft remained attached at the wing root. The remainder of the wing was crushed and fragmented. The wing sustained significant leading edge crush throughout the span of the wing. The main landing gear remained within the wheel well. The flap was broken away from the wing and separated into two sections within the debris field. Fragments of the aileron remained partially attached to part of the outboard section of the wing. Fragments of the aileron control tubes were observed within the wing broken and buckled. The fuel tanks were breached and fuel was not observed. All fuel lines within the wing were broken.
The vertical stabilizer was crushed and parts were located fragmented within the debris field. The rudder was separated from the vertical stabilizer, and was crushed and buckled. About 3 ft of both horizontal stabilizers remained attached to the empennage. The outboard sections of the horizontal stabilizers were fragmented within the debris field. Both elevators were partially attached to the horizontal stabilizers and buckled. The remainder of the elevators were located within the debris field and crushed. Flight control tubes for the rudder and elevators were observed within the empennage crushed and fragmented. The control tubes remained partially attached to the bellcranks of the control surfaces.
Examination of the left wing revealed that about 7 ft remained attached at the wing root. The remainder of the wing was crushed and fragmented. The wing sustained significant leading edge crush throughout the span of the wing. The main landing gear remained within the wheel well. The flap was separated from the wing at the attachment points. The aileron was broken in two sections. The flight control tubes were not observed within the wing but were located within the debris field and were fragmented and buckled. The fuel tanks were breached and fuel was not observed. All fuel lines within the wing were broken.
The engine sustained heavy impact damage, exhibited no indications of catastrophic failure, and was crushed against the firewall. The No. 1 cylinder head was impact-damaged and separated from the cylinder. All valves remained attached to the cylinder heads and showed signs of impact damage. The pushrods for all the cylinders was bent aft and separated from the case. Both magnetos remained firmly attached and were impact damaged. All of the respective spark plug wires were impact damaged. The top and bottom sparkplugs were removed, examined and all eight sparkplugs were gray in color on the electrodes. When removed and tested, impact damage prevented them from producing spark at all terminal leads. The carburetor was separated from the intake manifold, and from the air inlet filter box. The carburetor was fragmented and crushed.
The engine's crankshaft could not be rotated due to the impact damage. The propeller flange was broken away from the crankshaft. The valvetrain was observed intact throughout the engine. All fuel lines were broken and fragmented. The engine-driven fuel pump was broken away from the engine case and all fittings were damaged. All fuel lines from the firewall through to the engine driven fuel pump and carburetor were fragmented. Examination of the three blade propeller revealed twisting, bending, and chordwise scratching. One blade was broken mid-span and exhibited significant impact damage.
At 1820, the weather recorded at Macon County Airport (1A5), Franklin, North Carolina, located about 16 nautical miles north of the accident site included scattered clouds at 2,300 ft, a broken ceiling at 2,900 ft, an overcast ceiling at 4,000 ft and calm. Visibility was 10 statute miles. The temperature was 15C, and the dew point was 14C. The altimeter setting was 30.11 inches of mercury.
An NTSB Meteorologist performed a preliminary review of the weather conditions surrounding the accident site and the weather products provided to the pilot. On the previous day at 1819, the pilot obtained an on-line weather briefing from the commercial vendor that included terminal area forecasts predicting instrument meteorological conditions, AIRMETS for low-level wind shear, areas of high and low turbulence along the airplane's proposed route of flight. According to the vendor, the pilot did view weather imagery prior to the flight.
The airplane, including the vacuum pump, attitude, and heading indicators, were retained for further examination.
Category Data Category Data Category Data
Event Id: 20190315X92308 Investigation Type: Accident Accident Number: ERA19FA130
Event Date: 03/14/2019 Location: Cashiers, NC Country: United States
Latitude: 35.062500 Longitude: -83.153889 Airport Code:
Airport Name: N/A Injury Severity: Fatal(1) Aircraft Damage:
Aircraft Category: Airplane Registration Number: N6075Q Make: Mooney
Model: M20C Amateur Built: No Number of Engines: 1
Engine Type: Reciprocating FAR Description: Part 91: General Aviation Schedule:
Purpose of Flight: Personal Air Carrier: Total Fatal Injuries: 1
Total Serious Injuries: Total Minor Injuries: Total Uninjured:
Weather Condition: UNK Broad Phase of Flight: Report Status: Preliminary
Publication Date: 04/01/2019
http://www.ntsb.gov/_layouts/ntsb.aviation/brief.aspx?ev_id=20190315X92308
submitted by assessment_bot to NTSB_database [link] [comments]


2019.03.25 02:57 LegendaryBrendan Meteor radar/index?

Mar24 9PM Eastern time
So I was driving home along I-75N in Tennessee along mile marker 124 (between Knoxville and Clinton, TN) and I saw what I thought was a plane or helicopter with a single, non-strobing White light on it, and it was traveling east in the sky. I was thinking about telling my girlfriend "hey look babe a shooting star!" to mess with her, cause I knew she would get off her phone and look. But i didnt, and i was watching the object travel and suddenly, what felt like after 4 or 5 long seconds, it fizzled out and within a second it went from bright to faint and dissapeared like a meteor would.
This is the longest I've seen a meteor stay intact in atmosphere, and I'm quite amazed. My question to the community is 'is there some kind of database or index that documents incoming objects from space to atmosphere? Is it available to public? I'm curious if it was a small object or part from an aviator craft (plane/shuttle) or an actual meteor, because like I said, I've never seen one last longer than 2 seconds, and I don't think its shower season around here yet. I really wanna know. Thanks in advance!
TL;DR : Seen object last several seconds before burning up. How to find out what it was?
Edit: added date/time
submitted by LegendaryBrendan to space [link] [comments]


2018.10.24 19:25 lovemaker69 Week 9 Match-up Preview Thread: Tennessee Volunteers @ South Carolina Gamecocks

Tennessee @ South Carolina
When: Saturday, October, 27th, 7:30 PM Eastern
Where: Williams-Brice Stadium, Columbia, South Carolina
Watch: SEC Network
Odds: South Carolina by 7.5 pts.
Total Points: 54
All-Time Series
Tennessee and South Carolina have met 36 times since 10/29/1903.
These teams last met 375 days ago on 10/14/2017.
Series Record: Tennessee 25 - 2 - 9 South Carolina
Current Win Streak 2 South Carolina (2016-2017)
Team Largest MOV Longest Win Streak
Tennessee 54-0 (1929) 12 (1993-2004)
South Carolina 24-0 (1903) 3 (2010-2012)
The Last 5 Meeting(s)
Winner Date Location Tennessee South Carolina Notes
South Carolina 10/14/2017 Knoxville, TN 9 15
South Carolina 10/29/2016 Columbia, SC 21 24
Tennessee 11/7/2015 Knoxville, TN 27 24
Tennessee 11/1/2014 Columbia, SC 45 42
Tennessee 10/19/2013 Knoxville, TN 23 21
Series Comparison Data via Winsipedia
Through Week 8
Week Tennessee 3-4(1-3) Result South Carolina 3-3(2-3) Result
1 West Virginia#14 5-1(3-1) L 14-40 Coastal Carolina 4-3(1-2) W 49-15
2 East Tennessee State 6-2(4-1) W 59-3 Georgia#6 6-1(4-1) L 17-41
3 UTEP 0-7(0-3) W 24-0 BYE N/A
4 Florida#9 6-1(4-1) L 21-47 Vanderbilt 3-5(0-4) W 37-14
5 Georgia#6 6-1(4-1) L 12-38 Kentucky#12 6-1(4-1) L 10-24
6 BYE N/A Missouri 4-3(0-3) W 37-35
7 Auburn 5-3(2-3) W 30-24 Texas A&M#17 5-2(3-1) L 23-26
8 Alabama#1 8-0(5-0) L 21-58 BYE N/A
All rankings reflect the current /cfb poll
Tennessee Injury Report
Last updated: October 23, 2018
Player Position Status Type Notes
Trevon Flowers DB Out Collarbone Flowers underwent surgery to repair a broken collarbone and is expected to miss the remainder of the season.
Brandon Kennedy OL Out Knee Kennedy is expected to miss the remainder of the season due to a torn ACL.
Jonathan Kongbo DL/LB Out Knee Kongbo suffered a torn ACL and is expected to miss the remainder of the season.
Dominick Wood-Anderson TE Questionable Undisclosed Wood-Anderson missed the last game with an unspecified injury and it is unknown if he will return Saturday against South Carolina.
Micah Abernathy DB Questionable Ankle Abernathy missed the last game with an ankle issue and it is unknown if he will suit up Saturday against South Carolina.
Josh Palmer WR Questionable Undisclosed Palmer is battling an injury to an unlisted location and it is undetermined if he will be in Saturday's lineup against South Carolina.
Jakob Johnson DL/TE/OL Questionable Undisclosed Johnson is dealing with an undefined injury and it is unclear if eh will play against South Carolina on Saturday.
Jarrett Guarantano QB Probable Ribs Guarantano is nursing a rib contusion but will likely be ready for for Saturday's matchup against South Carolina.
Injury data lifted from: sports-reference.com
South Carolina Injury Report
Last updated: October 23, 2018
Player Position Status Type Notes
Tavyn Jackson DB Out Illness Jackson is ailing from a disorder known as sickle cell and is expected to miss the entire season.
Caleb Kinlaw CB/RB Out Knee Kinlaw is expected to miss the entire 2018 season due to a torn ACL.
OrTre Smith WR Out Knee Smith is expected to sit out the remainder of the season due to a genetic issue with his knee.
Jamel Cook S/DB Out Elbow Cook has been sidelined by eligibility issues and it is unclear when he will be able to return to action.
Lavonte Valentine RB Out Knee Valentine has been sidelined recovering from surgery to remove scar tissue from his knee and it is unknown when he will make his season debut.
J.T. Ibe S/DB Out Knee Ibe has missed the last two games nursing a knee injury and will not play Saturday against Tennessee.
Tyreek Johnson DL Out Knee Johnson is likely to sit out the entire 2018 season due to a torn ACL.
Jovaughn Gwyn OL Out Foot Gwyn underwent surgery to fix a foot injury and is expected to miss the remainder of the season.
Josh Belk DL Questionable Undisclosed Belk missed the last game battling an undefined injury and it is undetermined if he will be available Saturday against Tennessee.
Nick Harvey DB Questionable Concussion Harvey is experiencing concussion-like symptoms and it is uncertain if he will be cleared in time for Saturday against Tennessee.
Jake Bentley QB Questionable Knee Bentley missed the last game with a knee injury and it is uncertain if he will be available Saturday against Tennessee.
Mon Denson RB Questionable Hamstring Denson missed the last game with a hamstring issue and it is unknown if he will suit up Saturday against Tennessee.
Eldridge Thompson LB Questionable Shoulder Thompson has missed the last two games with a shoulder injury and it is unclear if he will be available Saturday against Tennessee.
Chad Terrell WR Questionable Knee Terrell is recovering from a torn ACL and it is unclear if he will be back in the lineup Saturday against Tennessee.
A.J. Turner RB Probable Concussion Turner missed the last game with concussion-like symptoms but is likely to suit up Saturday against Tennessee.
D.J. Wonnum DL Probable Ankle Wonnum is recovering from a ligament tear in his ankle but is expected to return Saturday against Tennessee.
Injury data lifted from: sports-reference.com
What are your "Keys to the Game"?
Who do you think wins?
Do you think the favorite will cover the spread?
Which player(s) are you most interested to watch?
Let's talk football!

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submitted by lovemaker69 to CFB [link] [comments]


2018.10.18 18:17 A_2spooky_Sloth Rock(y) Bottom Tennessee: A Brief History of Tennessee Football (CFB Weekly)

Almost 51 years ago, Felice and Boudleaux Bryant wrote what would become undoubtedly one of college football’s great anthems. It was later recorded by the Osborne Brothers, and became a minor hit. It tells the tale of a carefree life in the hilly region of Eastern Tennessee.
Like every single self-respecting school in the Appalachians, the University of Tennessee has a football anthem. Pitt has “Sweet Caroline” (which it admittedly doesn’t have exclusive access to, but still). West Virginia has “Take Me Home, Country Roads”. Virginia Tech has “Enter Sandman”. And Tennessee has that song by the Bryants, made famous by the Osbornes: “Rocky Top”.
Public opinion of the song is mixed, with Tennessee’s rivals obviously hating the song and Tennessee fans belting it out at every opportunity. I’ve always loved “Rocky Top”. I’ve always thought it was a fun song about a fun region whose residents thoroughly believe in what the song stands for.
I also thought that it was the anthem of a decent, but not great program. My college football timeframe I’ve seen with my own eyes is from 2005-present. In those 13.5 years, Tennessee is 89-80, a fine record but obviously nothing special. They have won one SEC East title, in 2007, when they were MAYBE the third best team in that division. They have gone through five coaches in 13 years, with most of those changes involving some kind of fiasco. I’d always thought the 90s, when the Vols dominated, were an aberration, and that it had given Tennessee fans a bit too high an opinion of their team.
In researching Tennessee though, I found that the last 15 years have actually been the aberration, and not the other way around. As a CFB history buff, I was embarrassed to find how wrong I was, and that Tennessee ranks in the top 10 or 15 for most of the important measures of all-time success. They are 12th in all-time record. They have a claim to 6 national titles, with 4 coming in the modern era (1945-present in my book) and 13 SEC titles. They’re one of 7 programs with 50 bowl appearances, and all the other 6 are either blue-bloods are high-ranking members of the second tier. The Vols have the 12th most appearances in the AP Poll, and are in the top 20 in most appearances in the Top 10, 5, and 1 as well.
Clearly, this is the mark of a high-tier 2 program, and depending on how you define blue blood you could make an actual case for them to be categorized as such. We are living in the weird times for Tennessee football, where they’re not playing good football.
This is the story of how a program who 20 years ago were national champions, who had as many losing seasons in 55 years as they’ve had in the last 15, went from the Rocky Top to the Rocky Middle. Let’s be real, Tennessee hasn’t been AWFUL recently, just well below their historical mean. Okay fine, since u/StepTurkey gave me such a good title for this...how Rocky Top became Rocky Bottom.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Tennessee first starting playing football in 1891. They were decent for most of their early years, especially considering that the South was held in pretty poor regard in football circles until the 1920s and 30s at the earliest.
As that thought was starting to fade, the Volunteers hired Bob Neyland in 1926, who proceeded to go 61-2-5 over his first six seasons (with help from a quarterback named Bobby Dodd). Neyland was one of the games’ first legendary generals, and that metaphor stretches to real life, where Neyland spent a lot of time in the military. After Neyland left for duty in 1935, W.H. Britton was only able to muster a 4-5 record that season. Neyland returned in ‘36, and after a couple of years in the 6-3 range, Neyland went 11-0 and won his first national title with the Vols in 1938. They went 10-1 the next two years, but then World War II began, and Neyland left to serve his country again.
Considering most of college football got really weird in the WWII years since most of the able-bodied college-aged men were at war, it’s impressive that Tennessee went 32-5-2 in this span under John Barnhill, despite cancelling 1943’s season due to the war.
Nevertheless, Neyland was back in Knoxville in 1946, to lead Tennessee into what I consider the modern era. Despite two early seasons at .500, Neyland had the Vols back to the top by 1950, when they won a national title. They had another phenomenal season in 1951. In 1952, Neyland left the Tennessee sideline, while still remaining the school’s athletic director. He’d remain in that position until his death ten years later in 1962. Under his watch, Tennessee became one of the first national powerhouses and earned its spot at the top of the sport.
Tennessee first hired Harvey Robinson to follow up the legendary Neyland on the sideline. He went 10-10-1 over two seasons and was promptly booted. Next up was Bowden Wyatt. Wyatt’s eight-year tenure was marked by mediocrity, but he did go 10-1 with an SEC title in 1956. Wyatt’s main assistant James McDonald took over for one year in 1963, the year after Neyland’s death. That season, Shields-Watkins Field took on a new name: Neyland Stadium.
In 1964, Tennessee hired Doug Dickey. Neyland was undoubtedly the architect of Tennessee football. Four men though, in the modern era, kept his work alive by making Tennessee the most consistently good program in the sport this side of Nebraska. The Vols might not have always been great from 1964-2008, but they were very rarely below average. Take out a couple of coaches’ first seasons and Fulmer’s last season of 2008, and Tennessee had three losing seasons in the span of 1965-2007. In all three, they finished 5-6.
Doug Dickey’s six years in Knoxville, from 1964-1969, was the shortest tenure of Tennessee’s modern dominant period. It could easily be argued though, that Dickey’s tenure was the most impactful. After a 4-5-1 rebuild in year number one, Dickey would win either 8 or 9 games (of 11) in his last five seasons. He also started some of Tennessee’s most cherished traditions, including the famous entrance to the stadium through the ‘T’ shaped marching band, as well as the checkerboard endzone pattern. Dickey left to coach his alma mater in 1970. That alma mater was Florida. Dickey left the Gators in 1978, and hasn’t coached since, though he spent many years as Tennessee AD, and is still alive at the age of 86.
Tennessee’s next coach was definitely the least successful of the four, but he nonetheless managed to keep the Vols’ consistency strong. Bill Battle was 28 years old when he was handed the reins of the Tennessee program. In his first year, the Vols went 11-1, and only missed on an SEC title thanks to an early-season loss at Auburn. While Battle didn’t completely tank the program, his Volunteer regime was marked by slowly going in the wrong direction. After two 10-2 seasons in ‘71 and ‘72 (again with losses to Auburn and no SEC title), Battle’s last four teams all finished with records of about 7-5, and he was forced out at the end of 1976. Battle never coached again, but he did recently serve as athletic director of his alma mater: Alabama. He stepped down for health reasons last year at the age of 75.
Now, we get to the two men who led Tennessee for over 30 years, and who almost every Volunteer sees as the other two members of the Tennessee holy trinity with Neyland. The first of these two men is Johnny Majors. Majors arrived at Tennessee as a player just as coach Neyland was retiring, and thus played for some of Tennessee’s least successful teams of the century (meaning they went about .500). Nevertheless, he propelled that Bowden Wyatt team in 1956 that went 10-1, and almost won the Heisman that season. A decade later, he surfaced as the head coach of Iowa State, where Majors led one of the worst major teams in the nation to a couple of respectable seasons in the early 70s. He then moved onto Pitt, where he is also a legend thanks to four incredible seasons culminating in the 1976 national title. Now a hot commodity, and with his prestigious alma mater’s position open, Majors headed back to Tennessee.
In Majors’ first season, he transitioned the program from the embattled Battle era to his new system, which caused the team to go 4-7. That mark remained the worst Tennessee winning percentage of the modern era until last season. The last time before 1977 that Tennessee had a winning percentage below .364? 1909.
While Majors may have been building the program, it certainly took longer than most expected. Majors may only have three losing records to his name, but he has a hell of a lot of 7-5 or 8-4 seasons, and a lot of those came in his first five years. It wasn’t until 1983 that Majors would hit the .750 mark, and his teams were still not as consistent as past Vol squads. Nevertheless, thanks to his status as a Tennessee hero and marked improvement, the Volunteers finally hit their stride in the Majors era in the late 80s. Despite a 5-6 blip in 1988, Tennessee was awesome from 1985-1992, the end of the Majors era. The Vols finally won their first SEC crown in 16 years in 1985, and followed that up with a Sugar Bowl victory over Miami.
Now, we come to the fall of 1992. You can maybe call this time the beginning of the beginning of the end. In 1992, Majors had heart surgery, and while recovering the teams was led by an interim coach named Phillip Fulmer. The team went 3-0 under Fulmer, and Fulmer allegedly spent much of his time as interim coach discussing things with athletic director Doug Dickey (remember him?). When Majors returned, the team went 2-3 in his first five weeks back. Unexpectedly, Majors was forced out at this point in the season. He was 113-62-8 in his Tennessee career, and most of those losses had come in the early years. Majors went back to Pitt for four more seasons, and didn’t do too well, but retired a Pitt (and Tennessee) hero. In Knoxville, Phillip Fulmer became the last head coach of Tennessee’s modern dominance era. While certainly the most successful and the longest-tenured, he was ALLEGEDLY a kind of sketchy guy, and his tenure’s final act was the true beginning of the end for Tennessee.
Fulmer's first ten years in charge of the Volunteers were probably the best non-Neyland years in Tennessee history. From 1992 to 2001, Tennessee went 100-23, good for fourth best in the nation over that span. Early on, Fulmer recruited Peyton Manning to Knoxville, which he chose over his father’s alma mater of Ole Miss. Manning was 32-5 in his three years where he spent the whole year in charge of the team, and in 1997 the team finally broke through for their first victory in the SECCG thanks to Manning and running back Jamal Lewis.
After Manning left, Tennessee should’ve taken a temporary step back in ‘98. In all actuality, they had their best year since Neyland left. Thanks to great play by new quarterback Tee Martin, and thanks to one of my favorite endings to a game that I wish I’d been able to see against Arkansas, Tennessee went into the first ever BCS Championship Game in Tempe against Florida State. The Volunteers won, winning their first consensus national title since 1950. It is obviously their last national title to date. It’s also their last SEC title to date.
In 2001, Fulmer had Tennessee in prime position yet again. Thanks to a win over 2nd ranked Florida in late November, the Vols were 2nd in the country and playing the Nick Saban-led LSU Tigers in the SEC Championship. They lost, and had to settle for a Citrus Bowl win and 4th place in the final AP Poll.
While Tennessee would still be consistently good from 2002-2007, and won a couple of SEC East titles in that span, 2001 is the last great Tennessee team to date. After those decent seasons in the mid-aughts, Fulmer’s final team went 5-7. He was dismissed as head coach.
This is officially where the bad times start for Tennessee. 2008 was the transition year, and 2009 was year 1 of oh fuck. Because the new head coach of the Tennessee Volunteers in 2009 was 34 year old LANE MOTHERFUCKING KIFFIN MOTHERFUCKER (his legal name).
Kiffin had spent 2008 as the head coach of the Oakland Raiders, and had been fired by AL MOTHERFUCKING DAVIS MOTHERFUCKER (one of the few other men who could possibly bear such a name). Kiffin actually did a lot better than most give him credit for in his one season in Knoxville, going 7-6, even if he was kind of a douche at this point and not a lovable troll. After just one season, he left to become the head coach of USC. Tennessee people were not happy, understandably so. Kiffin is almost back to the absurdly prestigious jobs he received in his early 30s now, but he’s still likely a year or two away.
Tennessee then hired Derek Dooley of Louisiana Tech, despite his 17-20 record in Ruston. Dooley’s tenure was seemingly missed opportunity after missed opportunity, including the infamous LSU-Tennessee game of 2010 where Tennessee and LSU both DESPERATELY tried to lose to each other in the span of just thirty seconds. LSU won the game.
Dooley only spent three years in charge, finishing 15-21 in Knoxville. To replace him, the Vols got Butch Jones of Cincinnati. After replacing Brian Kelly at both of his previous stints at Central Michigan and Cincinnati, Jones had been able to keep both programs performing well in the wake of Kelly. Now, he was tasked with building a fringe blue blood basically from the ground up. If you simply look at the wins, it looks like he got off to a good start. After a 5-7 rebuild (Tennessee’s fourth losing season in a row), Jones got the team to 7-6 in 2014, and in 2015 the team went 9-4, though computers absolutely adore the 2015 Vols. 9-4 was most definitely another missed opportunity, especially with rumors of turmoil in the locker room.
In 2016, thanks to aerospace engineering major Joshua Dobbs, Tennessee was considered a good team in the preseason for the first time in literally a decade. After almost losing to App State in Week 1 (WHY WOULD YOU SCHEDULE THEM), Tennessee then won the Battle of Bristol, and beat Florida for the first time in forever, AND beat Georgia in a weird-ass double Hail Mary game that put them back in the top ten. They lost a close one to Texas A&M, proceeded to get killed by Alabama, then lost to South Carolina and Vanderbilt in the closing weeks of the season. 2016 was 9-4 Two: Electric Boogaloo, and just like that, Tennessee’s first hopeful season in years was over. Tennessee, with its most talented roster since probably 2001, went 18-8 over two seasons.
Afier that huge blown opportunity, Butch Jones needed to produce in 2017 to keep his job, especially since most Tennessee people did not like him. This pressure, combined with the fact that 2017 was supposed to be a Volunteer rebuilding year, led to their worst season in literally a century: 4-8, 0-8 in the SEC for the first time ever, including more losses to Alabama, Vanderbilt, and Florida. Needless to say, Jones was fired.
And now we’re to true rock bottom. For while the 2017 football season may be rock bottom to some, the 2017 offseason is definitely the lowest point in this program’s history. Of course, almost all of you know this story, so here’s a condensed version. At first, Tennessee hired Greg Schiano to replace Jones, but the fan base was furious either because he was a bad hire or was aware of the Sandusky abuse at Penn State, depending on who you ask. So Schiano got unnamed coach, and then after a while they settled on a Saban coordinator named Jeremy Pruitt. And that’s where we are now.
But wait, there’s more! This is my favorite part of the whole story. Remember how Phillip Fulmer kind of sketchily got the head coaching gig at Tennessee. HE DID THE SAME SHIT LAST YEAR TO BECOME AD. He got named special advisor to the university in June. Then, when everyone was mad about everything in early December, and AD John Currie got suspended, Fulmer snuck his way into the AD slot at Tennessee. Now Fulmer has gone from maybe going behind his head coach’s back to steal his job to doing the same to the Tennessee AD 25 years later. A tradition unlike any other: Fulmer stealing his superior’s jobs. That’s just so funny to me. Truly an icon.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
I specifically planned to write about Tennessee this week just so I could talk about how much life sucks for that fanbase now that they’ve been killed by Auburn and are about to be killed by Alabama. But then a funny thing happened. Tennessee won an SEC game, beating Auburn. If you ask me, it’s because Auburn is worse than we thought and not that Tennessee is any good, but this is still progress. And I’m very happy for you Vols fans, completely unironically. I don’t know if Jeremy Pruitt is the future of the program, and I honestly doubt it, but at least there’s progress.
Now go have fun against Alabama. In that one, it really just matters that you have fun.
And of course, last but not least, please rise and remove your caps for the official Tennessee state anthem*.
*does not apply to whole state
ROCKY TOP, YOU’LL ALWAYS BE
HOME SWEET HOME TO ME
GOOD OL’ ROCKY TOPwhoo!
ROCKY TOP TENNESSEE
Go Vols. Here’s to the Third Era of Dominance of Tennessee Football starting soon.
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2018.10.17 19:17 lovemaker69 Week 8 Match-up Preview Thread: #1 Alabama Crimson Tide @ Tennessee Volunteers

#1 Alabama @ Tennessee
When: Saturday, October, 20th, 3:30 PM Eastern
Where: Neyland Stadium, Knoxville, TN
Watch: CBS
Odds: Alabama by 28.5 pts.
Total Points: 56
All-Time Series
Alabama and Tennessee have met 99 times since 11/28/1901.
These teams last met 361 days ago on 10/21/2017.
Series Record: Alabama 54 - 7 - 38 Tennessee
Current Win Streak 11 Alabama (2007-2017)
Team Largest MOV Longest Win Streak
Alabama 51-0 (1906) 11 (1971-1981)
Tennessee 41-14 (1969) 7 (1995-2001)
The Last 5 Meeting(s)
Winner Date Location Alabama Tennessee Notes
Alabama 10/21/2017 Tuscaloosa, AL 45 7
Alabama 10/15/2016 Knoxville, TN 49 10
Alabama 10/24/2015 Tuscaloosa, AL 19 14
Alabama 10/25/2014 Knoxville, TN 34 20
Alabama 10/26/2013 Tuscaloosa, AL 45 10
Series Comparison Data via Winsipedia
Through Week 7
Week Alabama 7-0(4-0) Result Tennessee 3-3(1-2) Result
1 Louisville 2-5(0-4) W 51-14 West Virginia#15 5-1(3-1) L 14-40
2 Arkansas State 3-3(0-2) W 57-7 East Tennessee State 6-1(4-0) W 59-3
3 Ole Miss 5-2(1-2) W 62-7 UTEP 0-6(0-2) W 24-0
4 Texas A&M#17 5-2(3-1) W 45-23 Florida#11 6-1(4-1) L 21-47
5 Louisiana 3-3(1-1) W 56-14 Georgia#8 6-1(4-1) L 12-38
6 Arkansas 1-6(0-4) W 65-31 BYE N/A
7 Missouri 3-3(0-3) W 39-10 Auburn 4-3(1-3) W 30-24
All rankings reflect the current /cfb poll
Alabama Injury Report
Last updated: October 16, 2018
Player Position Status Type Notes
Daniel Wright DB Out Shoulder Wright is recovering from shoulder surgery and is expected to miss the remainder of the season.
Christopher Allen LB Out Knee Allen has been sidelined with a knee injury and is expected to miss the 2018 season.
Trevon Diggs WDB Out Foot Diggs suffered a broken foot and will miss the remainder of the 2018 season.
Terrell Lewis LB Out Knee Lewis suffered a season-ending torn ACL.
Kedrick James TE Out Ankle James has a high-ankle sprain and is expected to be out of the lineup until at least the end of October.
Devonta Smith WR Questionable Hamstring Smith has a hamstring injury and it is unclear if he will play Saturday against Tennessee.
Henry Ruggs III WR Questionable Ankle Ruggs III exited the last game due to a right ankle injury and it is uncertain if he will play against Tennessee on Saturday.
Tua Tagovailoa QB Probable Knee Tagovailoa is dealing with a knee injury but is likely to be available against Tennessee on Saturday.
Injury data lifted from: sports-reference.com
Tennessee Injury Report
Last updated: October 16, 2018
Player Position Status Type Notes
Brandon Kennedy OL Out Knee Kennedy is expected to miss the remainder of the season due to a torn ACL.
Jonathan Kongbo DL/LB Out Knee Kongbo suffered a torn ACL and is expected to miss the remainder of the season.
JJ Peterson LB Out Conditioning Peterson is out of shape and it is undetermined when team officials will let him return to the lineup.
Trevon Flowers DB Out Collarbone Flowers underwent surgery to repair a broken collarbone and is expected to miss the remainder of the season.
Dominick Wood-Anderson TE Questionable Undisclosed Wood-Anderson left the last game with an unspecified injury and may not return for Saturday's game against Alabama.
Micah Abernathy DB Questionable Ankle Abernathy has an ankle issue and may not suit up Saturday against Alabama.
Daniel Bituli LB Questionable Suspension Bituli is suspended for the first half of Saturday's game against Alabama and it is unclear if he will play in the second half.
Marquez Callaway WR Questionable Concussion Callaway is experiencing concussion-like symptoms and it is unknown if he will suit up against Alabama on Saturday.
Jerome Carvin OL Questionable Undisclosed Carvin left the last game for an unspecified reason and may not return for Saturday's game against Alabama.
Jakob Johnson DL/TE/OL Questionable Undisclosed Johnson left the last game with an unspecified injury and may not return for Saturday's game against Alabama.
Injury data lifted from: sports-reference.com
What are your "Keys to the Game"?
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Let's talk football!

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2018.10.09 19:40 lovemaker69 Week 7 Match-up Preview Thread: Tennessee Volunteers @ #24 Auburn Tigers

Tennessee @ #24 Auburn
When: Saturday, October, 13th, 12:00 PM Eastern
Where: Jordan-Hare Stadium, Auburn, AL
Watch: SEC Network
Odds: Auburn by 14.5 pts.
Total Points: 47.5
All-Time Series
Tennessee and Auburn have met 52 times since 11/10/1900.
These teams last met 1,795 days (~5 years) ago on 11/9/2013.
Series Record: Tennessee 21 - 3 - 28 Auburn
Current Win Streak 6 Auburn (2003-2013)
Team Largest MOV Longest Win Streak
Tennessee 42-0 (1980) 4 (1991-1999)
Auburn 38-6 (1988) 6 (2003-2013)
The Last 5 Meeting(s)
Winner Date Location Tennessee Auburn Notes
Auburn 11/9/2013 Knoxville, TN 23 55
Auburn 10/3/2009 Knoxville, TN 22 26
Auburn 9/27/2008 Auburn, AL 12 14
Auburn 12/4/2004 Atlanta, GA 28 38 SEC Championship Game
Auburn 10/2/2004 Knoxville, TN 10 34
Series Comparison Data via Winsipedia
Through Week 6
Week Tennessee 2-3(0-2) Result Auburn 4-2(1-2) Result
1 West Virginia#6 5-0(3-0) L 14-40 Washington#8 5-1(3-0) W 21-16
2 East Tennessee State 5-1(3-0) W 59-3 Alabama State 2-3(1-1) W 63-9
3 UTEP 0-6(0-2) W 24-0 LSU#13 5-1(2-1) L 21-22
4 Florida#14 5-1(3-1) L 21-47 Arkansas 1-5(0-3) W 34-3
5 Georgia#3 6-0(4-0) L 12-38 Southern Miss 2-2(1-0) W 24-13
6 BYE N/A Mississippi State#25 4-2(1-2) L 9-23
All rankings reflect the current /cfb poll
Tennessee Injury Report
Last updated: October 09, 2018
Player Position Status Type Notes
JJ Peterson LB Out Conditioning Peterson is out of shape and it is undetermined when team officials will let him return to the lineup.
Brandon Kennedy OL Out Knee Kennedy is expected to miss the remainder of the season due to a torn ACL.
Trevon Flowers DB Out Collarbone Flowers is expected to miss multiple weeks due to a broken collarbone.
Marquez Callaway WR Questionable Head Callaway has a head injury and it is uncertain if he will play Saturday against Auburn.
Injury data lifted from: sports-reference.com
Auburn Injury Report
Last updated: October 09, 2018
Player Position Status Type Notes
Joey Gatewood QB Out Thumb Gateweood has been sidelined by a thumb injury and it is unclear when he will make his season debut.
Will Hastings K/WR Out Knee Hastings has undergone knee surgery and will miss the rest of the season.
Jack Driscoll OL Questionable Leg Driscoll missed the last game with a leg injury and it is uncertain if he will suit up Saturday against Tennessee.
Richard McBryde LB Questionable Neck McBryde has missed the last four games with a neck injury and it is unknown if he will play Saturday against Tennessee.
Injury data lifted from: sports-reference.com
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2018.09.26 17:42 tcanada251 Week 5 Match-up Preview Thread: Tennessee Volunteers @ #2 Georgia Bulldogs

Tennessee @ #2 Georgia
When: Saturday, September, 29th, 3:30 PM Eastern
Where: Sanford Stadium, Athens, GA
Watch: CBS
Odds: Georgia by 31.5 pts.
Total Points: 52
All-Time Series
Tennessee and Georgia have met 47 times since 11/11/1899.
These teams last met 361 days ago on 9/30/2017.
Series Record: Tennessee 23 - 2 - 22 Georgia
Current Win Streak 1 Georgia (2017)
Team Largest MOV Longest Win Streak
Tennessee 46-0 (1936) 9 (1989-1999)
Georgia 44-0 (1981) 5 (1909-1924)
The Last 5 Meeting(s)
Winner Date Location Tennessee Georgia Notes
Georgia 9/30/2017 Knoxville, TN 0 41
Tennessee 10/1/2016 Athens, GA 34 31
Tennessee 10/10/2015 Knoxville, TN 38 31
Georgia 9/27/2014 Athens, GA 32 35
Georgia 10/5/2013 Knoxville, TN 31 34
Series Comparison Data via Winsipedia
Through Week 4
Week Tennessee 2-2(0-1) Result Georgia 4-0(2-0) Result
1 West Virginia#10 3-0(1-0) L 14-40 Austin Peay 2-2(0-1) W 45-0
2 East Tennessee State 3-1(2-0) W 59-3 South Carolina 2-1(1-1) W 41-17
3 UTEP 0-4(0-0) W 24-0 Middle Tennessee 1-2(0-0) W 49-7
4 Florida 3-1(1-1) L 21-47 Missouri 3-1(0-1) W 43-29
All rankings reflect the current /cfb poll
Tennessee Injury Report
Last updated: September 25, 2018
Player Position Status Type Notes
JJ Peterson LB Out Conditioning Peterson is out of shape and it is undetermined when team officials will let him return to the lineup.
Brandon Kennedy OL Out Knee Kennedy is expected to miss the remainder of the season due to a torn ACL.
Todd Kelly DB Questionable Knee Kelly Jr. has missed the last three games with an injured knee and his availability Saturday against Georgia is unknown.
Quart'e Sapp LB Questionable Disciplinary Sapp missed the last game due to disciplinary reasons and it is unknown if he will suit up Saturday against Georgia.
Jarrett Guarantano QB Probable Knee Guarantano has a knee injury but is expected to play against Georgia on Saturday.
Injury data lifted from: sports-reference.com
Georgia Injury Report
Last updated: September 25, 2018
Player Position Status Type Notes
Marshall Long P Out Knee Long is healing from a knee surgery and there is no timetable for return.
Divaad Wilson DB Out Knee Wilson is expected to sit out the entire 2018 season due to a torn ACL.
Ben Cleveland OL Out Shin Cleveland sustained a fractured left fibula and there is no timetable for recovery.
Zamir White RB Out Knee White suffered a torn ACL in his left knee and is expected to miss the 2018 season.
Tyler Simmons WR Out Shoulder Simmons is dealing with a shoulder injury and will not play Saturday against Tennessee.
Tray Bishop DB Questionable Personal Bishop has missed the last four games tending to a legal matter and it is unknown if he will make his season debut Saturday against Tennessee.
Jackson Harris TE Probable Foot Harris missed the last game with a foot injury but is expected to play Saturday against Tennessee.
Andrew Thomas OL Probable Ankle Thomas has an ankle injury but is expected to play Saturday against Tennessee.
Injury data lifted from: sports-reference.com
What are your "Keys to the Game"?
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Let's talk football!

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submitted by tcanada251 to CFB [link] [comments]


2018.09.19 20:01 lovemaker69 Week 4 Match-up Preview Thread: Florida Gators @ Tennessee Volunteers

Florida @ Tennessee
When: Saturday, September, 22nd, 7:00 PM Eastern
Where: Knoxville, TN, Neyland Stadium
Watch: ESPN
Odds: Florida by 4.5 pts.
Total Points: 47
All-Time Series
Florida and Tennessee have met 47 times since 10/28/1916.
These teams last met 368 days ago on 9/16/2017.
Series Record: Florida 27 - 0 - 20 Tennessee
Current Win Streak 1 Florida (2017)
Team Largest MOV Longest Win Streak
Florida 59-20 (2007) 11 (2005-2015)
Tennessee 45-3 (1990) 10 (1916-1953)
The Last 5 Meeting(s)
Winner Date Location Florida Tennessee Notes
Florida 9/16/2017 Gainesville, FL 26 20
Tennessee 9/24/2016 Knoxville, TN 28 38
Florida 9/26/2015 Gainesville, FL 28 27
Florida 10/4/2014 Knoxville, TN 10 9
Florida 9/21/2013 Gainesville, FL 31 17
Series Comparison Data via Winsipedia
Through Week 3
Week Florida 2-1(0-1) Result Tennessee 2-1(0-0) Result
1 Charleston Southern 0-1(0-0) W 53-6 West Virginia#12 2-0(0-0) L 14-40
2 Kentucky 3-0(1-0) L 16-27 East Tennessee State 2-1(1-0) W 59-3
3 Colorado State 1-3(0-1) W 48-10 UTEP 0-3(0-0) W 24-0
All rankings reflect the current /cfb poll
Florida Injury Report
Last updated: September 18, 2018
Player Position Status Type Notes
Quincy Lenton DB Out Achilles Lenton is expected to miss the entire 2018 season due to a substantial Achilles injury.
Marco Wilson CB/DB Out Knee Wilson suffered a torn ACL in his knee and will likely miss the remainder of the season.
Malik Davis RB Out Foot Davis suffered a broken foot and is likely to miss an extended period of time.
Jacob Copeland WR Questionable Knee Copeland has missed the last three games dealing with a knee injury and it is unclear if he will participate Saturday against Tennessee.
Shawn Davis DB Questionable Knee Davis has missed the last three games due to a knee injury and it is unclear if he will take part in the game Saturday against Tennessee.
David Reese LB/DB Probable Ankle Reese has missed the last two games with an ankle injury but is likely to be available for Saturday's matchup against Tennessee.
C.J. McWilliams DB Probable Leg McWilliams has missed the last three games nursing a leg injury but is likely to suit up Saturday against Tennessee.
Injury data lifted from: sports-reference.com
Tennessee Injury Report
Last updated: September 18, 2018
Player Position Status Type Notes
JJ Peterson LB Out Conditioning Peterson is out of shape and it is undetermined when team officials will let him return to the lineup.
Brandon Kennedy OL Out Knee Kennedy is expected to miss the remainder of the season due to a torn ACL.
Todd Kelly DB Questionable Knee Kelly Jr. has missed the last two games with an injured knee and his availability Saturday against Florida is unknown.
Quart'e Sapp LB Questionable Undisclosed Sapp has an unspecified injury and it is unknown if he will suit up against Florida on Saturday.
Injury data lifted from: sports-reference.com
What are your "Keys to the Game"?
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Let's talk football!

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submitted by lovemaker69 to CFB [link] [comments]


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